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A CNRP guide to the Philippines Freestate.


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Philippines Freestate

Capital: Manila.

Official Languages: Filipino and Bahasa Malay.

Total Population: st. 50 Million.

Recognized Minority languages: Various Filipino Malay languages, Bahasa Malay, Chinese languages (Cantonese, Fujianese and Mandarin), Spanish (Castiliano), Catalan, Euskera (Basque), English, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Burmese, Shan and Karen.

Government: Military Dictatorship.

Currency: Peso

Motto: " Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan, at Makabansa" (English: "For the People, Nature, and Country")

History

The old Filipino republic had once ruled across the islands before the collapse of the nation led to decades of balkanization. Out of the squabbling polities arose the Cataduanes Freestate based on the island of Catanduanes which steadily grew stronger and expanded over time unifying the archipelago in stages. For many decades the Cataduanes Freestate was a Communist nation whose government imposed strict isolation, however this state of affairs came to an end when the military overthrew the old regime and instituted a short lived military dictatorship, however the then dictator and current President oversaw the transition to democracy ending the dictatorship with the adoption of a constitution and the holding of free elections.

The liberation of Mindanao sealed the unification of the archipelago and led to the dissolving of the Cataduanes Freestate and the re-establishment of the Philippines as a sovereign nation. In addition the collapse of law and order in large portions of South East Asia (fall of Mogartopia) led to the Philippines Freestate marching into the Malaya Peninsular and establishing the Autonomous State of Negara Malaya.

However despite the flourishing of democracy the igniting of war and nuclear destruction in Asia as the UFE went to war caused the Philippines Military coup the elected government of Antonio Kew Yeung (who has since gone into exile) in order to preserve the country, for the duration of the war the Military government imposed a strict isolation on the Freestate and suspended the autonomy of Malaysia (bringing it under direct control).

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General Erramun Sendoa, Dictator of the Philippines.

Since the end of the UFE war the nation has remerged from isolation with the military government instituting a policy of central government (as opposed to the almost federalized Democratic era) with an ideology ‘Ketuanan Malayu’ centered on Pan-Malay nationalism and adherence to a free market economy with strict social controls.

Administrative Divisions

The Philippines Freestate’s is divided into two key parts with the core of the nation centered on the Philippine Archipelago, while across the South China sea the Freestate stretches over the Malaya peninsular encompassing Malaysia and portions of Southern Thailand and Burma.

In terms of provincial administration the old system was abolished by the military government and replaced with 5 States, each presided over by a Military governor (usually a officer no higher than the rank of Ltn-General) appointed by the Junta. The Governors have considerable power over the local administration.

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Political Divisions of the Freestate.

  • Luzon State – Manila
  • Bisaya State – Cebu
  • Mindanao State – Cagayan (de Oro)
  • Northern Tanah Malayu State – Pattani
  • Southern Tanah Malayu State – Kuala Lumpur

Economy

The Philippines is an industrialized country however agriculture remains an important and visible part of the economy (in particular the Fishing, Sugarcane and Rice farming sectors) but with substantial contributions from manufacturing, heavy industry and mining (Aluminium and Uranium being the largest concerns in the mining sector). The Heavy industrial sector is focused in Southern Mindanao largely among the ethnic Japanese and Korean areas of the island, while a large part of the manufacturing sector is based in Luzon.

Also noteworthy is the Tourism sector which flourished prior to the UFE war, with bulk of tourists coming from Transvaal. Whose citizens become a regular fixture during the holiday seasons in the resorts of Southern Luzon. Plans have been put into effect to revive this currently somewhat moribund sector of the economy.

Ethnic make up

Malays

The Philippines is a multi-ethnic state however the majority of Philippine nationals are descended from the Austronesian (Malayo Polynesian) people who settled across portions of Southeast Asia over a thousand years ago originating from Taiwan (were the aboriginal population still in part retain their Malayo-Polynesian languages). The Malayo Polynesian-speaking peoples, a branch of the Malayo Polynesian speaking peoples, migrated to the Philippines, and brought their knowledge of agriculture, and ocean-sailing technology. The major Malayo-Polynesian ethnic groups within the Freestate are the Tagalogs, Illocanos, Malayu (Malays of Malaysia) and the Bisaya, but there is a bewildering range of smaller groupings throughout the Philippine Archipelago.

Chinese

Filipinos of Chinese descent (known locally as Chinoys) currently form the largest non Malayo Polynesian ethnic group constituting some 14% of the population, they are mixed to varying degrees with Filipino blood but largely retain their southern Chinese culture, the vast majority are bilingual speaking Cantonese and either Filipino or one of the provincial Filipino languages. Chinoys can be found in Manila and in particular in areas of Malaysia.

Japanese and Koreans (Kyokujitsujins).

Since the liberation of Mindanao from DKT rule the Freestate also inherited a considerable number of Kyokujitsujins , they form the second largest non Malayo Polynesian ethnic group and constitute some 13% of the population. They are to be found mainly in the SE districts of Mindanao with pockets of Kyokujitsujins scattered across the rest of the Island. Kyokujitsujins infact consist of two ethnic groups, Japanese and Koreans, and both languages have been recognized in law as semi-official languages in Mindanao.

Spanish, Catalans and Basques.

The Philippines also has a sizeable minority of Iberian citizens mainly descended form either Spanish (Castilian), Catalan or Basque settlers, they currently form the third largest non Malayo Polynesian ethnic group (They are classed collectively as Iberians) and constitute some 2% of the population. All three communities remain largely concentrated in Oltaloro city and along the eastern coast of Luzon (the area called the Costa de Espana). And despite their small numbers they have contributed an inordinate amount of public figures to the old Cataduanes Freestate, in particular the Basque community with the First Minister, Aitor Lizarriaga, a full blooded Basque and President Erramun Sendoa of mixed Filipino-Basque descent.

Tamils.

The Freestate also possesses noteworthy minorities of Tamils (in Malaysia), whose Dravidian language and adherence to Hinduism make them a visible minority.

Thai's

The Thai’s form a large minority and actually constitute a local majority in Northern Tanah Malayu State, they are distinct from Malays in terms of language, religion and with some exceptions culture.

Burmese, Karens and Shans.

While in the Northwestern portions of Northern Tanah Malayu the Shans, Karens and Burmese form a local majority.

Languages

There is two official languages of governance, Filipino and Bahasa Malay. Filipino Malay is largely based on the old Filipino language which itself was a form of the Tagalog regional language (The language that originated from the Manila area). Since that time it has also assimilated some grammatical influence and vocabulary from the related Bahasa Malay language that originated in Malaysia and across Northern Borneo, this process of ‘Malayification’ has reduce the influence of the Spanish and English language on Filipino.

Bahasa Malay is recognized as an official language and is widely spoken throughout the nation, in particular in the southern areas of the Philippine Islands and in the Malaysian states (Tanah Malayu states) were it is the native language of the majority of the population. Many of the minority languages are recognized under the law and are allowed to be taught within the educational system.

Religion

The Freestate is officially a secular nation, however many faiths can be found in the nation;

Christianity

The Roman Catholic faith is particular strong in the provinces of Luzon and Bisaya, while in the northern portions of Mindanao much of the coastal population is also officially Catholic. Other Christian denominations can also be found with the most visible being the protestant communities among the Korean community.

Islam

Islam is the predominate faith in the province of Southern Tanah Malayu, it is also forms the faith of large numbers in sections of western Mindanao. The vast majority of adherents of Sunni traditions, hwoever small Shia communties can be found in Southern Tanah Malayu state.

Buddhism

Theravada Buddhism has in recent times become a major faith, with many adherents among the Thais, Burmese, Karens and Shan. Mahayana Buddhism is prevalent among the large Japanese and Chinese minorities.

Shinto

The Shinto faith can also be found in large numbers among the Japanese minority in Southern Mindanao.

Edited by Cataduanes
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Armed Forces of the Philippines - Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas

The role of the armed forces is to defend the sovereignty and strategic interests of the Freestate from all forms of threat. It is responsible to assist the civilian authorities to overcome all international threats, preserve public order and to assist in natural disasters.

The Armed forces is a volunteer force with four principle branches,

  • Philippine Army – Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas
  • Philippine Navy – Hukbong Dagat ng Pilipinas
  • Philippine Marine Corps - Hukbong Kawal Pandagat ng Pilipinas
  • Philippine Air Force – Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas.

Auxiliary services include the National Police Force (Policia Nacional), Paramilitary Police (Guardia Assaltos) and the Coastguard.

The Armed forces leadership consists of the Junta (High Command) which is led by the dictator, General Erramun Sendoa who acts as chief of staff. The four major branches are each headed by an officer with the following titles: Commanding General of the Philippine Army (Lieutenant General), Flag Officer in Command of the Philippine Navy (Vice-Admiral), Commanding General of the Philippine Marine Corp (Major General) and Commanding General of the Philippine Air Force (Lieutenant General).

Philippine Army - Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas

The Army is the largest component within the armed forces. Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas. In its previous incarnation as the Cataduanes army it served in counter insurgent campaigns against Communist guerrillas and served in the fighting against DKT which led to the liberation of Mindanao and the re-establishment of a Philippine state.

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Troops of the 3rd 'Lapu-Lapu' Brigade.

Brigade’s

The backbone of the Army is the Brigades. Each Brigade has an operational strength of 7000 men, split internally into 2 battalions.

Specific Brigade’s are combined-arms outfits combining infantry with motorized and mechanized, combat engineering elements and complements of UH-1 Huey and AS332M Super Puma helicopters.

The 4th, 5th, 6th. 8th and 13th Brigade’s are combined-arms units and would form the spearhead (alongside the Marines corp.) in any offensive operations.

Also of note is the 2nd Brigade which specializes in mountain warfare operations and is based and trains incessantly in the 'Cordillera' mountains of the northern island of Luzon.

  • 1st ''Bisaya'' Brigade
  • 2nd ''Cordillera'' Brigade
  • 3rd ''Lapu Lapu'' Brigade
  • 4th ''Bayan'' Brigade
  • 5th ''Tausug'' Brigade (recruited exclusively from the Tausug and Maguindanao Minorities).
  • 6th ''Kaugnay'' Brigade
  • 7th ''Kampilan'' Brigade
  • 8th ''Mindanao'' Brigade
  • 9th ''Luzon'' Brigade
  • 11th ''Sabah'' Brigade
  • 12th ''Merdeka'' Brigade
  • 13th ‘’Kedah’’ Army Brigade
  • 14th ‘Pattani Raya’ Brigade (currently being established).
  • 15th ‘Nusantara’ Brigade (currently being established).

Armor & Cavalry

The Division de Cabellaria' (Cavalry Division) is a dedicated mechanized armoured division equipped with locally built T-98 MBT's and FV101 Scorpion light tanks. Given the nature of terrain in Southeast Asia this unit is increasingly seen as a luxury with some in the Army calling for the unit to be disbanded and its hardware dispersed among the brigades.

Special Forces

The Philippine Army has a special forces division which consists of 5 distinct regiments.

1/ Gerup Gerak Khas (Para Commando)

2/ Gerup Gerak Khas (Para Commando)

3/ Gerup Gerak Khas (Combat Intelligence)

4/ Gerup Gerak Khas (Counter-terrorism)

5/ Gerup Gerak Khas (Training)

Philippine Navy - Hukbong Dagat ng Pilipinas

The Philippine Navy (PN) is the naval arm of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Its official name in Filipino is Hukbong Dagat ng Pilipinas.

Philippine Navy ships are prefixed KNP, which stands for ‘Kapal ng Bayan’ (Ship of the state).

Ships in Service;

  • 1 Aircraft Carrier – KNP Nusantara (under construction)
  • 3 Landing ships –
  • KNP Fuerte, KNP Conquistador & KNP Maguindanao
  • 5 Corvettes –
  • KNP Bisaya, KNP Lapu-Lapu, KNP José Rizal, KNP Andres Bonafacio & KNP Bikol
  • 1 Cruiser - KNP Raja Humabon
  • 2 Frigate - KNP Datu Kalantiaw & KNP Datu Mahalaputri
  • 2 Destroyer - KNP Kalinga Apayao & KNP Datu Marikudo
  • 2 Submarines – KNP Sultan Kudarat & KNP Kagitingan
  • 25 Patrol boats - all possessing numerical designations, for example ‘KNP P001'.

Philippine Marine Corps - Hukbong Kawal Pandagat ng Pilipinas

The Philippine Marine Corps (PMC) (Filipino: Hukbong Kawal Pandagat ng Pilipinas) (HKPP) is the marine corps of the Philippines, and unlike Marine corps elsewhere in the world they form a distinct and nominally independent branch of the armed forces with strong historical and operational ties to both the Navy. In a nation of islands such as the Philippines remains the prime fighting units of the Freestate and the Marines have been called upon many times to serve their country.

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Marines of the 2nd Regiment.

The Philippine Marine Corps is organized into 5 regiments, each having a complement of roughly 5-6000 men.

  • 1st 'Kalayaan' Regiment
  • 2nd Regiment
  • 3rd Regiment
  • 4th Regiment
  • 5th ‘Asker Malayu’ Regiment

Throughout the history of the Cataduanes and Philippines Freestate the Marines played a prominent role as the spearhead of the armed forces, in recent times they have served in the fighting against the communist guerrillas and in the campaign in Mindanao fighting the troops of DKT, the Marines where key to the securing of NW Mindanao and the Basilan and Sulu islands.

Philippine Air Force - Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas

The Air force is the smallest branmch in terms of manpower however it is a crucial service providing the nation with the ability to control…

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The PAF has largely had a defensive role but in the fighting on Mindanao against the DKT the Gripen’s sure much combat in both air superiority and close air support roles, while the Apache gunships of the 16th and 17th Squadrons also served in the bitter fighting supporting the ground forces during the advance across the island.

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Gripen of the 1st ''Tayo Ka'' Tactical Fighter sqn .

The airforce currently fields some 23 units equipped according to their own individual requirements ( a new sqn, the 24th is currently being established).

  • 1st ''Tayo Ka'' Tactical Fighter sqn (Saab JAS 39 Gripen)
  • 2nd Tactical Fighter sqn (Saab JAS 39 Gripen)
  • 3rd Tactical Fighter sqn (Saab JAS 39 Gripen)
  • 4th ‘Capital’ Tactical Fighter sqn (Saab JAS 39 Gripen)
  • 5th Tactical Fighter sqn (Saab JAS 39 Gripen)
  • 6th Strategic Bomber sqn (B-52)
  • 7th Attack Sqn (A-4SU Super Skyhawk)
  • 8th Maritime Patrol sqn (P-3 Orion)
  • 9th 'Dawitas' Tactical Airlift sqn (C130 Hercules)
  • 10th Tactical Airlift sqn (C130 Hercules)
  • 11th Search and rescue sqn (AS332M Super Puma)
  • 12th Basic Training sqn (Cessna 172-k)
  • 13th Advanced Training sqn (F-5A)
  • 14th Government Airlift sqn (Fokker F28)
  • 15th Government Helicopter sqn (Bell 212)
  • 16th Helicopter Attack sqn (AH-64D Apache)
  • 17th AWAC sqn (E-2C Hawkeye)
  • 18th Maritime Patrol sqn (P-3 Orion)
  • 19th Helicopter Attack sqn (AH-64D Apache)
  • 20th Maritime Patrol sqn (P3 Orion)
  • 21th Air Tanker sqn (KC-135 tankers)
  • 22nd Search and rescue sqn (AS332M Super Puma)
  • 23rd ‘Parameswaram’ Tactical Fighter sqn (Saab JAS 39 Gripen)
  • 24th Tactical Fighter sqn (Saab JAS 39 Gripen)

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A-4SU Super Skyhawk of the7th Attack sqn.

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