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R.C.S.S.R. Factbook


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Map: Forth-Coming

Government: Centrally Planned Technocracy

Governing Council: Communist Politburo

Language: Russian

Population: 45,994,288

Capital: Yurigrad (Kiev)

GDP: 1.52 Trillion

GDP Per Capita: 32, 731

Key Economic Bureaus:

Central Institute for Soviet Planning (Great University): The Central Institute for Soviet Planning is a centralized university system based around Yurigrad, and has branches throughout the country. It is tasked with designing and training a labor force which meets to political and economic goals of the National Economic Plans.

Yurigrad National Laboratories (National Research Lab): Yurigrad National Laboratories, is the state run research and development corporation. It is designed in engineering maximum efficiency in the physical sciences, designing transportation and information systems, efficient managerial systems, and overall allocation of resources. The group is dedicated to maximizing economic efficiency with the goals of full employment and industrial output.

National Road Bureau (Interstate Highway System): The National Road Bureau is charged with the creation of new mass transit, focusing on light and heavy rail, mag rail where practical. It is also tasked with ensuring that the auto and transporation industries comply with the goals of the Central Politburo, and directing the nations overall energy goals for self efficiency where possible, and allied efficiency elsehwere.

Bureau for Proper Political Thought and Collectivization (Great Temple): The Bureau for Proper Political Thought and Collectivization is the chief propaganda department tasked with heightening morale of the workers, and raising class consciousness. It is also tasked with spreading the Cult of Personality around the Great Leader. Its motto is, "Snitching is !@#$%*ing"

National Database Bureau (Internet): The National Database Bureau is tasked with the digitization and information management system which will support the centrally planned economy. It ensures that students, laborers, and designers all have access to all the information they could ever need, and equally important, make sure that they lack access to information they do not need.

Bureau of Trade (Stockmarket): The Bureau of Trade is tasked with the export of goods from the Soviet Republic and the importation of goods. It is a state monopoly allowing for tremendous leverage in purchasing due to economies of scale. However, it also prevents smaller private enterprises from exporting, thus killing them and allowing the state to come in and control the economy more rapidly.

Bureau of the Proletariat (Social Security): The Welfare mechanism of the state, it is tasked with taking care of workers who have not yet been entered into full labor of the central industrial plan. Additionally it helps take care of the poor and the elderly, the bureau heavily taxes the rich, preventing anyone from getting beyond upper middle class and gives it too the poor. Its designed to be customer friendly, as the regime recognizes that it is the key component of their popular support even as they shrink civil liberties.

Bureau of Engineers (Disaster Relief Agency): The Bureau of Engineers is tasked with the construction and maintenance of public works along with delivering supplies to areas which have suffered natural disasters. It serves as a development advising agency to other socialist states as well.

Military Age of Conscription: 18

Available Manpower:

males age 16-49: 11,457,562

females age 16-49: 11,767,357

Defense Spending as Percentage of GDP: 7%

Government Spending as a Percentage of GDP: 54%

Edited by Triyun
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All Units are Equipped to Survive EMPs and NBC warfare

The Red Army

The Red Army Operates on an interoperable platform with the Germans. Its forces share a R&D budget and the joint procurement operations give equivalent costs with the German army on land, so that it can invest heavily in air and sea technologies. Furthermore it is known that somehow the Soviets can into possession of UFE production line plans, from War Factories in the EU.

Troop Statistics: 768, 000

Armored Vehicles: 7700

Armored Vehicles

RA3_ApocTank1.jpg

Unit Name: Apocalypse Tank

Unit Drive System: Dual Gas Turbine Hybrid Engine

Unit Armor: Extra Heavy Reactive Plate Armor, Ordinance Defeator Weapon

Unit Crew: 6

Unit Weapons:

2 NLOS 155 MM GPS Guided Cannon

2 .50 Caliber Automatic Turrets

4 3-Tube Netfire Like Modular Missile Launchers

Anti-IED jammers, deployable support anti-mine UGVs

Units Produced: 600

The Apocalpyse Tank is simply a near unstoppable juggernaut, capable of fording most rivers, simply rolling over most defenses, its large cannons can knock out targets from long distance, working with networked support units and satellites overhead. The units primary weakness is its sheer size makes it extremely difficult to project power far beyond the borders of the CSSR. Additionally its high rate of firepower and fuel consumption means it is highly dependent on large supply lines.

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T-120

Produced: 3, 400

Manufacturer: Soviet Arms Bureau

Crew: 3

Weight: 64,320kg/67,400kg

Power to Weight Ratio: 26.4 hp/t/26.7

Length: 7.97m

Length of Gun: 6.84m/7m

Width: 3.8m

Height: 2.6m

Ground Clearance: .4m

Engine: 2200hp Gas Turbine

Maximum Velocity: 74km/h

Range: 500/640km

Range With External Tanks: 1,130km

Trench: 5.6m

Step: 5.6m

Vertical Obstacle: 1.4m

Ford Unprepared: 1.8m

Ford Prepared: 6m

Climbing Gradient: 40x

Fire and Control Computer: Cornerstone Mk II/Cornerstone Mk III

Armament:

2x 120mm Light Weight High Breech Pressure Liquid Propellant ETC BOS Cannon

1x G379B 20mm CTA ETC autocannon

1x 12.7mm HMG

1x Remote Weapon Station (HammerFist)

1x 60mm mortar

Ammunition:

48 Rounds in turret/36 rounds in turret

Main Gun Depression: -5/+38 degrees

Armor [Rolled Homogenous Equivalent with ERA vs. KE]:

Lower Hull: 1,100mm

Glacis: 2,180mm/2,440mm

Front 1/3 Side Hull: 425mm/930mm

Front Side Turret/ Side Turret: 1,440mm/1,920mm

Rear Turret: 740mm

Rear Hull: 698.5mm

Side Hull: 1,298.5mm/1,810mm

Mantlet: 3,075mm/3,325mm

Weakened Zone: 3,250mm/3,450mm

Front Turret Corners: 3,250mm/3,450mm

Side Turret: 2,200mm

Roof: 235mm

Armor [Rolled Homogenous Equivalent with ERA vs. CE]:

Lower Hull: 1,400mm

Glacis: 2,780mm/2,980mm

Front 1/3 Side Hull: 850mm/1,100m

Front Side Turret/Side Turret: 1,990mm/2,100mm

Rear Turret: 1,498mm

Rear Hull: 1,387mm

Side Hull: 1,700mm/1,750mm

Mantlet: 3,540mm/3,610mm

Weakened Zone: 3,715mm/3,790mm

Front Turret Corners: 3,770mm/3,820mm

Side Turret: 1,830mm

Roof: 715mm

Suspension: Active Hydropneumatic Suspension System

Sensors & Range:

4th Generation FLIR @ 13km targeting range; 8km classification range

3rd Generation LADAR @ ~10km classification range

3rd Generation CITV

Night Vision: Integrated with sensors.

NBC Protection: Air-tight chassis and turret, air filtration and overpressure air conditioning system, masks and uniforms. Protected against EMP.

shalmanesar6uk.png

Arica I Shalmanesar Armoured Personnel Carrier

Produced: 500

Crew: 3 [Driver, Commander and Gunner]

Carrying Capacity: 15, including crew

Vehicle Armament:

-1x 35mm Chaingun

-2x portmounted 7.92mm machineguns

-2x anti-tank guided missiles

-1x 60mm grenade launcher

Ammunition:

-1,600 rounds for the 35mm [dispensed into four modular bins]

-800 rounds per portmounted machineguns

Length, Hull: 8.7m

Width: 3.57m

Height Overall: 2.3m

Ground Clearance: 0.51m

Weight, Combat: 51 tons

Weight, Empty: 45 tons

Turret Traverse: 360

Engine: Q-300-J 1200bhp Diesel

Maximum Horsepower: 1200bhp

Maximum Road Speed: 76 km/hr

Maximum Reverse Road Speed: 25 km/hr

Maximum Off-Road Speed: 55 km/hr

Acceleration, 0km/hr to 65km/hr: 17 sec

Maximum Range: 620 km

Fuel Capacity: 600 lit

Fording: 2.5m

Tracks: 450mm single pin metalic tracks with rubber inset roadwheels

Vertical Obstacle: 1.13m

Trench: 3.3m

Gradient: 60%

Side Slope: 40%

Armour Type: Composite

RHA: ca. 600mm RHAe vs. KE; ca. 1,600mm vs. CE

NBC System: CC/COP-30, 3+12x IDV-14 - Protected against EMP

Night Vision Equipment: Yes (Driver, Commander, And Gunner)

150mm Panzerwerfer M-2000 MRLS

Units: 1200

The Panzerwerfer M-2000 has a twelve tube rocket pack which fires twelve 150mm rocket, using whatever warhead prescribed to it. The 'clip' can expend itself in just under eight seconds, while a secondary truck, if present, can re-load the tube system within fifteen seconds, providing a reliable, quick, and powerful, 'get in and get dirty' multiple rocket launch system. The 'clip' is layered with a coating of THYMONEL 8, a RENE N6 Single Crystal Third Generation superalloy, giving it better heat resistance, as well as Hydrogen Enviroment Embrittlement (HEE) protection.

The rockets which can be launched from the Panzerwerfer M-2000 include high explosive, anti-tank, cluster munitions, and heavy saturation rockets. Indeed, any type of rocket is compatible with the Panzerwerfer M-2000 as long as it's 150mm in diameter and around six to eight meters in length.

The maximum range for the Panzerwerfer M-2000 is fifty kilometers, lacking the range of the larger variant. However, it has a faster velocity, one hundred and twenty kilometers an hour, and has better traction, as well as torque. All in all, it is a very effective weapon, and cheap for its use.

LenSPH.png

León Guided Self-Propelled Howitzer

Units: 1000

Specifications

Manufacturer: Crimean Soviet Arms (Stahl Land Industries)

Crew: 3 (commander, gunner and driver)

Dimensions –

Length (hull): 7.1m

Contact with the Ground: 4.9m

Width (hull): 3.65m

Height (to roof): 2.25m

Vertical Deflection Range: 550mm

Weight: 23,700 kilograms

Main Armament –

Gun: CBH.790 GPS Guided 160mm L/50 liquid propellant howitzer (gives increased range up to 70 kilometers)

Length: 8m

Extended Recoil Length: 550mm

Muzzle Break: Single-chamber muzzle break (70% efficiency)

Angle of Fire: -3º - + 70º

Traverse: 360º

Rate of Fire: 12 rpm

Ammunition: 50 rounds in the chassis

Secondary Armaments –

HammerFist remote weapon system

16x 76mm grenade launchers

3x 7mm short assault rifles

Engine: TA series 600 900hp hybrid gas turbine

Volume: .63m3

Output: 900hp (minimum)

Transmission: Industria Mecánica Real IMR-8020-30 hydrokinetic transmission

Efficiency: 83%

Suspension: Hydropneumatic

Tracks: MecániCas Type 640

NBC: One filter. Air conditioning system. Sealed.

Fire Protection: Two fire extinguishers.

Range: 550km

Slope: 65º

Vertical Obstacle: 1.4m

Wading Capability: 1.5m

Amphibious capability with preparation: 4.5m

Preparation time: 45 minutes

Bear Guided Missile Armored Vehicle

Units: 900

The Bear is a Guided Missile Armored Vehicle Equipped with multiple missile launchers. The units are equipped with incredibly advanced network targeting computers that link up with the rest of the army in the battlefield. This network forms a secure battlefield defense perimeters. The Missile Systems are compartmentalized to allow for easy reload. The Units are heavily armored, but their real defense is they can strike enemy targets before they enter into range.

Unit Armaments:

10 Evolved Death Dealer Ground-To-Air Missiles

4 Ground-To-Ground Bunker Buster Missiles

10 Ground-To-Ground Tank Buster Missiles

10 Ground-To-Ground Cluster Anti-Infantry Missiles

AH-85A "Sidewinder" Attack Helicopter

Units: 200

General characteristics

Unit Cost: 12 Million Aequatian Markes

Crew: 1 pilot (rear), 1 navigator/weapons operator (front)

Length: 17.01 m (55 ft 9 in)

Rotor diameter: 17.20 m (56 ft 5 in)

Height: 3.82 m (12 ft 7 in)

Empty weight: 8,095 kg (17,845 lb)

Loaded weight: 10,400 kg (22,930 lb)

Max takeoff weight: 11,500 kg (25,705 lb)

Powerplant: 2× Aequatian Aerospace Industries VTS-1800 Turboshafts, 1,450kW each

Performance

Maximum speed: 300 km/h (162 knots)

Range: 1,200 km (648 nautical miles)

Service ceiling: 6,000m

Armament

1× Chin-mounted, 35mm M125A7 Automatic Cannon (300 Rounds)

6× Wing-mounted hardpoints (19×70mm or 12×85mm Rocket pods, Quad-mount AGM-114Q Hellfire III ATGM)

2x Wingend Hardpoints (Single-mount AIM-270B Aquila SAAMs)

Infantry

Stahl-10 Semi-Automatic Rifle

Weight: 4.25 kilograms

Length: 112.0 centimetres

Barrel length: 560 millimetres

Cartridge: 7.94x56mm ARAM-M

Action: Gas-operated, tilting block

Rate of Fire: Semiautomatic

Muzzle Velocity: 825 Metres per Second

Effective Range: 600 metres (Point target)

Feed System: 20- or 30-round, double-stack detachable box magazine

Sights: Adjustable V-notch rear sight with flip-up, long-range aperture rear sight, hooded post front sight

StA11 SMG

Weight 1.9 kg (4.19 lb)

Length 590 mm (23.2 in) stock extended / 380 mm (15.0 in) stock collapsed

Barrel length 180 mm (7.1 in)

Width 42 mm (1.7 in)

Height 172 mm (6.8 in)

Cartridge 4.6x30mm

Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt

Rate of fire 950 + 200 rounds/min

Muzzle velocity Approx. 710 m/s (2,329 ft/s)

Effective range 200 m

Feed system 20 or 40-round box magazine

StA-VC32 Sniper Rifle

Weight: 12.4 kilograms (Loaded)

Length:

140 centimetres (stock retracted)

122 centimetres (stock collapsed)

Barrel length: 76.2 centimetres (30 inches)

Cartridge: 10.4x78mm Scythe

Calibre: 10.4 millimetres

Action: Mauser-design turn-bolt

Effective range: 2,000+ metres; 2,300 metres maximum

Feed system: 6-round detachable box magazine

Sights: M128 5.5-22x Power Magnification Telescopic Sight (Primary); Prometheus Sight Enhancement Module (Night Optic)

StA12 Assault Rifle

Weight: 3.9 kilograms

Length:

Buttstock extended: 103.8 centimetres

Buttstock retracted: 94.0 centimetres

Barrel length: 510mm (20-inches)

Cartridge: 7.94x56mm ARAM-M

Action: Gas-operated, short-stroke piston, rotating bolt

Rate of Fire: 800 Rounds per Minute

Muzzle Velocity: 825m/s

Effective Range: 600m (Point target)

Feed System: 20-round, double-stack, detachable box magazine

Sights: Rear rotary diopter, front hooded post; M22 Floating Dot Sight (Reflex-type), M36 1.5x–5.5x Power Combat Optic Sight and M64 Holographic Combat Sight

FGM-330A "Halberd" Advanced, Fire-and-Forget Anti-Tank Guided-Missile

Unit Cost

Missile: 6,800 Markes

CLU: 8,200 Markes

Primary Function: Man-portable anti-tank guided missile.

Contractor: Stahl Military Industries, Missile Division; Optronics Inc.

Power Plant: Solid-Fuel Rocket Motor

Length:

Missile: 1.1m

Launch Tube: 1.2m

Diameter:

Missile: 130mm

Launch Tube: 144mm

Weight:

Missile: 11.8kg

CLU: 6.4kg

Warhead: Tandem HEAT, Gold-Coblat Shaped-Charge Warhead with epentration rating of approx. 1,170mm RHAe.

Effective Range: 75 to 2,500m

Guidance system: Imaging Infrared/Ultraviolet guidance, fire and forget.

Command Launch Unit: Passive target acquisition/fire control with integrated EO day/IIR/UV night sight.

Magnification

Electro-Optical Day: 4x Power

IIR/UV Night: 4x - 9x Power

FIM-339A "Star Flare" Man-portable Air Defence System

Unit cost: 375,000 Markes

Primary function: Short-range man portable surface-to-air missile

Contractor: AAI Missile Division

Power plant: Two-stage Solid Rocket Motor (Boost/Sustain)

Mass (Full system, prepared to fire): 16kg

Mass (Missile alone): 10.5kg

Length (Missile): 145cm

Warhead: Dual Continuous-Rod, Depleted Uranium

Seeker: All-aspect, Imaging Infrared/Ultraviolet, 128x128 Element Focal-plane Array, Fire-and-Forget

Fuse: Laser proximity

Maximum Range: 4,100m

Maximum Speed: 600m/s

Target Maximum Engagement Speed (Approaching/Receding): 430m/s

Engagement altitude: 30 - 3,000m

Armor

HE-101 Xenias Combat Infantry Gear

Helmet:

The Helmet of the Xenias Combat Infantry Gear was developed by the leading electronics corporation in Malatose. The total weight of the Xenias Helmet is 5.0kgs. Inside the Helmet, are implemented various TES, or Target Initiation Systems. This includes: intregrated Thermal - Day/Night systems, Integrated Vision Systems which allows for Target Identification at a range of up to 1.5km.

Also implemented in the Helmet are various communication applications. The Helmet will utilize a voice-activated screen in the helmet to access information without the soldier having to put down their weapons. Embedded in a pair of transparent glasses, the display will appear to the soldier as a 17-inch screen. This screen can display 3D maps, real-time digital video, provided by a forward-positioned scout team, satellite or aircraft, high definition digital imaging system and GPS. Because each soldier is connected to a wide-area network, local Commanders can easily connect to each invidual soldier to see what he (the soldier) is seeing on the battlefield.

The Helmet will also eliminate the need for an external microphone. The Xenias will use sensors that measure vibrations of the cranial cavity. This bone-conduction technology allows soldiers to communicate with one another, and it also controls the menus visible through the drop-down eyepiece

The Helmet is also equipped with a 360-degree situational awareness and voice amplification system. The Voice Amplication system will allow soldiers to know where that sniper or mortar round came from, but at the same cancel out the noise at a certain decibel so as to not cause damage to the soldier's ears. The situation-awareness technology also allows soldiers to detect other soldiers in front of them up to a couple of kilometers away or focus in on a particular sound and amplify it .

A computer embedded in the suit and located at the base of the soldier's back will be connected to a local and wide-area network, allowing for data transfer.

Armor Specifications:

The Xenias Infantry Gear was sent through vigerous testing in order for the Scientist to decide which armor elements to use. In the end, It was decided that the best armor solution would be to go with Liquid Armor. The boots, gloves, chest garmets and various other garments all contain liquid armour elements. This, in return, gives the soldier increased protection against shrapnel from grenades or exploding shells.

Implemented in the suit are advanced ballistic ceramic discs/panels. Armor is not just ceramic or titanium -- they are actually composed of advanced ceramic or titanium composite matrixes and laminates that can incorporate other materials. The ceramic composite discs/panels are approximately 2" in diameter, and their anti-materiel discs, go up to approx. 3" in diameter. The technology will stop military V0 and V50 threats at military V0 and V50 muzzle velocities, which is higher than NIJ muzzle velocities in the civilian world.

The Armor's most advanced ballistic hard armor, ceramic composite flexible body armor, can defeat multiple hits of 7.62x51mm AP rounds, like the Winchester/Olin .308 SLAP (Saboted Light Armour-Penetrating) round, which utilizes a tungsten sabot bullet, 7.62x39mm and 5.56x45mm rounds at muzzle velocity. Xenias' Armor's unique flexible ceramic hard armor will successfully take many more hits than conventional/standard NIJ Level IV SAPI plates, and provides coverage over a much greater surface area.

The Xenias discs can take hits at the edge without failing. They can also take a greater saturation of hits, i.e. more hits over a given area, than traditional ceramic or titanium hard armor plates/inserts (i.e. SAPI plates). The newer Type 01 armor also reduces trauma to the body, due to much less backface deformation signature (BDS).

Armor system has stopped an NIJ Level IV round with only 9mm backface deformation signature. That's just over 5/16th's of an inch BDA. The wearer can take multiple hits on the vest and keep fighting effectively. This aspect, by itself, is incredibly important, especially in urban warfare and CQB (Close Quarters Battle) scenarios

--

Power Supply System:

Powering the entire suit is a 2- to 20-watt microturbine generator fueled by a liquid hydrocarbon. A plug-in cartridge containing 10 ounces of fuel can power the soldier's uniform for up to six days. Battery patches embedded in the helmet provide three hours of back-up power.

--

Knee Pads, Gloves and Boots:

The Knee Pads of the HE-101 Xenias are made of a special rubbary material. The substance, which is shaped just just like the human knee allows for enchanced mobility. The system is also capable of taking high impact. Soldiers are also equipped with Kevlar Gloves. These gloves allow for maximum finger dexterity and provide heat and flash detection of up to 800 F.

The Boots of the Xenias were designed to be of a lightweight athletic design. The boots also have traction over a wide variety of terrain. Also implemented is moisture control.

-

Cooling and other systems:

Every Xenias Combat Suit is equipped with a moisture wicking base layer beneath pants and boots. This keeps soldiers cool, dry and light. The cooling system is especially useful in a desert or humid enviroment. Also, all major components of the Xenias are water proof and heavy shock aborbsant. The water-proof material also shields the valuable electronics located into the suit while fighting in swamps.

The Xenias is also equipped with an integrated modular carriage system. This system is latches and small packs allow the Malatosian Soldier to carry additional ammo, grenades. When not in use, the Vektor can be mounted on the soldiers back via small latch.

Exoskeleton:

Now equipped on each Xenias Combat Suit is a small pad filled with nanomachines that mimic the action of human muscles, flexing open and shut when stimulated by an electrical pulse. These nanomachines will create lift the way muscles do and augment overall lifting ability by 25 to 35 percent. The exoskeleton attached to the lower body of the soldier will provide even more strength. The overall exoskeleton will provide up to 200 percent greater lifting and load-carrying capability.

'

The system is designed so that the exoskeleton mimics the body's natural movement and is not uncomfortable to wear/use. It will also mimic the movement of the body's joints - therefore it will be jointed to allow the sections to move the same way as the body does.

Battlefield Awareness System:

The Battlefield Awareness subsystem of the uniform lies against the soldier's skin and includes sensors that monitor soldier's core body temperature, skin temperature, heart rate, body position (standing or sitting) and hydration levels. These statistics are monitored by the soldier and by medics and commanding officers who might be miles away. Knowing the condition of a platoon of soldiers allows commanders to make better strategic decisions.

Edited by Triyun
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Red Airforce and Red Navy Air Corps

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Lu-65 B/C Bloc Air Superiority Stealth Fighter

Length: 24m

Wingspan: 15m

Height: 4.8m

Empty Weight: 19,800 kg

Fuel Weight: 14,800 kg

Weapons Payload: 8,500 kg

Loaded Weight: 39,500kg

MTOW: 47,500 kg

Speed:

Cruising Speed: Mach 0.8

Max Sea Level: Mach 1.2

Max Supercruise: Mach 1.9

Maximum Speed (A): Mach 2.8

Maximum Speed (B/C): Mach 3.6

G Limits: +13/-5 G

Wing Configuration: Dogtooth delta+Ruddervators+Canards

Wing Type: Mission Adaptive Wings + Foam Fuel Tanks

Ranges:

Ferry Range: 4,200 km

Ferry Range (Extra fuel tanks): 5,500 km

Combat Radius: 1,860 km

Service Ceiling: 21,500m

Climb Rate: 20,250 m/min

Weapons Layout: 1x Internal bay, 2x Side bay, 4x Wing pylons

Internal Bay Payload: 3,000 kilograms

Internal Bay Slots: 10 slots [larger AAMs take up more slots]

Side Bay Payload: 300 kilograms

Side Bay Slots: 1

Total Internal Payload: 3,600 kilograms

[General Data]

Type: Advanced Air Superiority Fighter

Personnel: 1 (Pilot)

[Airframe]

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency conducted a series of exhaustive studies into the attributes that a follow-on design to the TSF-620 “Xeon” would require. The Lu-65” addresses the deficiencies of the earlier model in its unorthodox airframe layout. The DARPA study noted that existing fighter designs were optimized purely for air combat maneuvering, at the expense of stealth, much like the Xeon. This was a vulnerability that would be exploited in the design of Lu-45 – the fighter was intended to provide maximum low-observability characteristics thereby enabling the pilot to engage enemy fighters without being detected. However, the Lu-45 is far from sluggish – the flower of SICON engineering has created an airframe that exhibits superb low-observability performance while retaining the critical agility necessary to achieve victory in the modern close-range dogfight.

Where the “Xeon” made use of switchblade-style variable geometry wings to maximize maneuverability, the Hawk uses an even more unconventional design to achieve similar levels of performance while simultaneously reducing RADAR Cross Section [RCS] as demanded by Project goals. To this end, the Lu-65 employs a unique airframe layout that reconciles the conflict between stealth and maneuverability. The configuration of the Lu-65 is a radically new one, which utilizes dogtoothed mission adaptive wings paired with canards and flat ruddervators aft of the fighter. This unorthodox design choice generated significant controversy during the Project’s progression, which led to the separate development of another soon to be released fighter. However, this risky decision proved to be a sound one as evidenced in the Lu-65s amazing flight performance. This stems from the design’s inherent aerodynamic instability, which enables the Lu-65 unimpeded freedom of maneuver. However, this benefit also involves significant penalties in ease of control – the Lu-65 requires an extremely high level of pilot proficiency to operate effectively, even with its use of fly-by-light electronic control systems. The mission adaptive wings in fighter are another aspect in which the fighter stands apart from its peers - unlike conventional designs, the adaptive wing has no conventional ailerons, flaps, slats, or spoilers but incorporates flexible leading and trailing edges able to bend into a required position without leaving gaps. These are able to move from four degrees up to twenty five degrees down as enabled by its variable wing camber mechanism. Finally, the fighter is endowed with exceptional performance at high angles of attack due to its forward fuselage chine and canards, and additionally exhibits minimal drag due to its lack of vertical surfaces. In sum, the Lu-65s aerodynamic design is optimized for the air superiority mission by both reducing vulnerability to detection and ensuring superior agility.

The Lu-65 Advanced Air Superiority Fighter incorporates the highest quality of materials science in its physical frame. As derived from preliminary studies and evaluation, the fighter was designed to endure stresses of up to 13Gs, as this is the maximum level a human pilot may withstand before tissue damage occurs. The space-age materials used in the fighter were all jointly developed by the associated contractors involved in Lu-65s development, as were fabrication methods. Much of the fighter is manufactured from composite materials, due to their role in reducing RCS – one of the main goals of the Project. The skeleton of the Lu-65 is constructed from Ti-1100, a near-alpha, high strength/weight ratio titanium alloy. Monofilament silicon carbide whiskers are interwoven within a matrix of this material to impart further structural integrity and resistance to deformation. High stress regions of the airframe are reinforced with Ti-62222 alloy, most notably in areas near the variable wing camber mechanism. SICON-developed RADAR Absorbent Structure [RAS] is mated wherever possible to this base frame. The RAS is constructed of honeycombed Kevlar sections, treated with a proprietary carbon glaze, and then bonded to polyethylene/carbon fiber skins on its front and back, creating a rigid panel. Each honeycomb is 3cm in length, and absorbs incoming RF energy quite well; the relatively large gaps allow for the RAS to dependably absorb or at least weaken RADAR returns of all frequencies higher than 10 MHz. Further, new engineering techniques courtesy of MP Ordnance Corporation have allowed for improvements to the base aramid honeycomb design originally developed by TPMI/EC – the inner walls of the honeycombs are injected with a carbon-based aerogel impregnated with various RF energy absorbing compounds [see Stealth section]. The properties of this material are such that incoming RF energy is scattered further into the RAS network, which further reduces the Lu-65's already minimal RCS. For protection from hostile action, composite sandwich panels of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber, thermosets, and carbon fiber embedded in an epoxy resin matrix is bonded underneath this shell. The aircraft is skinned in a composite comprised of silicone reinforced, Schiff base salt-loaded bismaleimide resin threaded with carbon fiber, which possesses superb strength to weight ratios and a resistance to thermal stress. Uncatalyzed Michael addition with polyhydric phenols to the base resin improves structural characteristics. The dissolved Schiff base salt elements, using the bismelmide resin matrix as a binder compound, serve to further reduce the Lu-65's RCS.

[systems/Avionics]

The Lu-65 boasts an exceptionally robust and capable avionics fit, an example of the avant-garde technology that Project "Eagle" championed from its conception to completion. Design of the Lu-65 Advanced Air Superiority Fighter’s electronics components was entirely mission-oriented – the various systems that comprise Lu-65 are finely engineered to maximize the ability of pilot and machine to engage in aerial combat against any potential threat or target. All of the various disparate elements of Lu-65 electronics are unified under the Mark 3 Integrated Modular Architecture, which is the fighter’s distributed on-board computer network. Mark 3 serves to coordinate and control mission-sensitive information to the pilot on a tightly integrated software and hardware platform. The architecture is fabricated on strained silicon wafers – an innovation of TPMI/EC that enables 33% faster processing speeds than competing designs. Developed as a method to reduce the impact of physical barriers to continued transistor miniaturization, the strained silicon wafers are produced by growing a sequence of epitaxial layers of varying lattice constants (the distance between atoms in the crystal formation). The approach that is utilized for silicon wafer starting material is to first grow a silicon epitaxial layer containing germanium. When enough germanium is added and this epitaxial layer reaches a critical thickness, the lattice constant of the silicon-germanium (SiGe) epitaxial layer will stabilize at a larger lattice constant value than the underlying silicon substrate. Then a thin silicon layer is grown on top of the SiGe epitaxial layer. Eventually, the pure silicon layer stretches to match the larger lattice constant of the SiGe layer. The physical properties of this unique material enable significantly reduced electron resistance, which thereby leads to 70% faster electron flow. This allows for the incredible boost in processing performance that the Mark 3 exhibits.

The Mark 3 architecture is manufactured in a full-custom ASIC design, utilizing revolutionary Quasi-Delay Insensitive integrated circuits. The use of asynchronous processing logic in the Lu-65 Shukusei provides several major benefits as compared to traditional versions (circuits governed by an internal clock); these include early completion of circuits when it is known that the inputs which have not yet arrived are irrelevant, lower power consumption because transistors do not work unless performing useful computations, superior modularity and composability, adaptable circuit speed based on temperature and voltage conditions (synchronous chips are locked in at optimal clock speed for worst-case conditions), easier manufacturing processes due to lack of transistor-to-transistor variability, and less produced Electro-Magnetic Interference (Synchronous circuits create enormous amounts of EMI at frequency bands near clock frequencies). The entire avionics suite is coordinated by five MP Ordnance Corporation-manufactured Central Integrated Processors [CIP], which are 4096-core processors running at 4.45 GHz, with 64 bits allocated per core and 12 GB of RAM allocated per processor. The Lu-65's subsystems are connected to the CIP via a quadruplex-redundant InfiniBand high-speed bus interface. This is a fiber optic cable network with a passive-transmissive star coupler operating at 3.75 GHz, with transfer rates of up to 48Gbit/s, developed in order to allow for the high levels of system bandwidth the Lu-65;s sensors and electronics consume. Because the integrated circuits operate under asynchronous logic, signals and instructions are processed near-instantaneously, without consideration for the restraints of a clock circuit.

A key component of the Lu-65’s principles of design mandated absolute systems reliability; engineers at Luftwaffe Precision Machine Import/Export Corporation quickly realized that the traditional way of ensuring systems reliability, by stacking on layers of redundancy, was outmoded; such measures provided little more than "get you home" capability, if that. Ultimately, it was decided that the best way of raising the Lu-65s mission reliability was to modify the overarching Mark 3 architecture in such a way that it could "repair" itself. In effect, the complexity of the structure is such that it can automatically bypass or even compensate for the failure of any individual element. For example, if a control surface fails, the unified flight control system used in Lu-65i will automatically reconfigure itself, distributing control functions among the surviving surfaces.

The Mission Management Suite subsystem of the Mark 3 is composed of the terrain/navigation suite, fire-control, munitions management and Electronic Warfare equipment. CIP resources are allocated to each function as necessary.

CDI-1 – Integrated navigational system of the Lu-65, developed in order to reduce pilot workload. Where previous avionics systems treated the myriad location-determining sensors of an aircraft as a discrete source of information, CDI-1 serves to manage the data gathered by each individual system and present it to the pilot in a coherent way. CDI-1 includes two primary sources of navigational information – an Inertial Reference System and a Terrain Reference System calibrated against each other to provide for unmatched accuracy in location.

The Terrain Reference System relies on careful measurement of the terrain profile passing beneath the aircraft with a RADAR altimeter and comparison with digitally-stored geographic data. The primary advantage to using a TR system is that a standard TF (terrain-following) navigation scheme will alert enemy Electronic Surveillance Measures far sooner, due to the RADAR beam's direction. On the other hand, a TRN altimeter has an extremely narrow beam width whose energy is directed downwards, rendering virtually all ESM measures impotent, a critical component of the Shukusei’s survivability.

The Inertial Reference System is comprised of two ring laser gyroscopes and an accelerometer located in the forward fuselage, coupled with GPS uplinks compatible with most standard satellite interfaces. Only one of the gyroscopes is necessary for normal operation; data from the second is fed to the Lu-65’s fire control systems to automatically adjust gun position for optimal accuracy.

MMTE-10 - Integrated fire control system of the Lu-65, which monitors all phases of weapons release. Data from the Sensor Management Suite is linked to this component, which constantly updates the pilot’s interface on target disposition and type. It draws on CIP resources to rapidly calculate suitable firing solutions. The MMTE-9 also functions to inform the pilot of the condition of the fighter's stores, control weapons launch sequences, as well as door controls and emergency weapons jettison.

NSER-5 - Integrated Electronic Warfare System of the Lu-65. It is comprised of a number of individual subsystems, all of which are closely tied to the MMS component via the InfiniBand high-speed bus interface. Threat detection is provided by a super heterodyne RADAR Warning Receiver, capable of monitoring LPI emissions through rapid signals processing of all major RF bands. NSER-5 also features a Laser Warning Receiver, which detects laser radiation and determines its bearing, one of the more popular guidance methods employed in modern missiles. In order to quickly track missile launches the NSER-5 incorporates three Missile Approach Warners, built into a set of apertures distributed across the aircraft. To increase the effectiveness of the system the MAW is also directly linked to the countermeasures systems allowing an instantaneous response to a local launch. The MAWs include a set of Rayleigh scattering processing modules, which serves to greatly improve resolution and accuracy regarding threat disposition.

Active countermeasures equipment is fitted to the Lu-65 in a series of modular apertures.

The ADN-2 infrared jammer makes use of a gimbal-mounted low-powered microwave laser to detect and jam incoming IR missiles. In order to preserve stealth characteristics, transparent lens covers manufactured from selectively permeable plastic serves to shield the device from RADAR visibility when not in use. The system is capable of jamming multiple IR and UV frequencies simultaeneously to provide improved performance.

The EOCM-6 is a pod-mounted blue-green laser used to detect and jam passive systems such as TV/FLIR automatic trackers.

The NRV-27 is the Lu-65's RF jammer which serves to emit radio frequency signals that interfere with hostile transmitter operation. The “smart skin” antenna embedded in the Lu-65's airframe enables the NRV-27 to engage in DRFM (digital radio frequency memory) jamming in addition to standard noise jamming modes. In the DRFM mode, the Lu-65's manipulates received radar energy and retransmits it to change the return the hostile RADAR sees. This technique serves to provide conflicting and confusing information for enemy interpretation. For example, the NRV-27 may change the range the transmitter detects through alterations in the delay in pulse transmission or the velocity the radar detects by changing the doppler shift of the transmitted signal.

An XC-100 countermeasures dispenser is internally mounted, which is programmed to deploy multi-spectral chaff and flares only in the direction of a threat as determined by the NSER-5. The flares are treated with chemical additives that spoof the IR sensors of most IR guided missiles. Additionally, data from the NSER-5’s RWR set is linked to the chaff cutting mechanism – the XC-100 is sophisticated enough to interpret the RWR’s information and cut the aluminium strips to provide for maximum reflectivity to the RF band being deceived.

In practical terms, the NSER-5 serves to determine the location and nature of all threat systems, thereby warning aircrew when they are being tracked, targeted, or engaged.

The Sensor Management Suite subsystem of the Mark 3 package combines the Lu-65's RADAR, IRST, integrated signal processing, encrypted data, communications, and the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System interface, allocating CIP processor power to the sensor subsystems as required by the mission. With the advanced, centralized architecture employed by the avionics, the SMS implements sensor fusion for the pilot to maximize situational awareness and reduce pilot workload. By automating the task of interpreting sensor data, the Lu-65 removes the possibility of conflicting data gathered by the various sensors and eliminates the need for manual cross-referencing.

AN/PSI-7 - RADAR system for the Lu-65, co-developed by Luftwaffe Precision Machine Import/Export Corporation and MP Ordnance Corporation. It is an Active Electronically Scanned Array system, mounted in the aircraft's nose, with sufficient Moving Target Indicator capability to achieve burn-through of 5th generation (F-22 level) stealth. Maximum search range of fighter-sized targets is estimated at 270 kilometers – however, the AN/PSI-7 may increase this range to 450 kilometers, though this comes at the cost of a much narrower field of view.

The AN/PSI-7's transmitter and receiver functions are composed of 3,300 individual transmit/receive (T/R) modules that each scan a small fixed area, negating the need for a moving antenna, which further decreases ESM detection probabilities as well as aircraft volume issues. Each of the T/R modules is composed of four MMIC chips - a drive amplifier, digital phase shifter, and low-noise amplifier, and a RF power amplifier. The chips are manufactured on indium-phosphide due to greater electron mobility, reduced noise, and higher frequencies of operation InP affords as opposed to more conventional semiconductor materials. To protect the antenna from detection by hostile ESM systems, it is mounted in a bandpass radome, transparent only to the band of frequencies used by the AN/PSI-7. When it is not in use, suitable electrical impulses turn the bandpass characteristic off, making it totally opaque.

The RADAR's elimination of hydraulics for antenna movements and distribution of transmission functions into the T/R modules alleviates logistical concerns. The AN/PSI-6 is a No Probability of Interception system, meaning that the waveforms of the RADAR have a much longer pulse and lower amplitude, as well as a narrower beam and virtually no sidelobe radiation. The result of this waveform modification is that the AN/PSI-7 is virtually undetectable by enemy ESM receivers, as the RF energy emitted is spread over a wide range of frequencies, hiding among the noise of benign signals that clutter the microwave region. A tertiary data channel screens hostile ECM measures.

AN/RSI-1 - Inverse Synthetic Aperture RADAR of the Lu-65 which processes the Doppler shift resulting from target motion as a means of improving RADAR resolution. Thanks to shared components with the AN/PSI-7, the AN/RSI-1 is highly compact, and adds less than 30 lbs to the aircraft's weight. By measuring the much larger Doppler shifts created by the Lu-65's own motion and the target's changes in attitudes, the AN/RSI-1 is able to extract the Doppler effects due to pitch, yaw, and roll of the different parts of the target aircraft, processing these to obtain a clear physical profile. This information is cross-referenced against a database of known aircraft types and presented to the pilot.

IECO-5 – Integrated electro-optical sensor system mounted beneath the forward fuselage. The package serves as a laser rangefinder to supplement the primary RADAR/IR sensors employed by the Lu-65 during close range engagements. The pod-mounted ytterbium-doped fiber optic laser assembly is slaved to the pilot’s fire control system, and increases onboard weapons accuracy by a significant factor. When not in use, the system is retracted to preserve stealth and aerodynamic characteristics.

ISTA - Imaging Infra-red passive sensor suite of the Lu-65, located on the port side of the fighter’s canopy. The ISTA package scans across red-scale wavelengths from 2.4-13 microns to enable all-aspect detection capabilities. The sensor is cooled via Freon gas, which allows for the system to interpret finer temperature gradients across longer distances. Estimated range for ISTA is quoted at 150 km in optimal conditions. All data gathered by the system is post-processed by the Sensor Management Suite to enhance resolution. The Lu-65’s onboard computers incorporate sufficient processing power to track up to 400 individual signatures, although this may be increased even further with the use of external aids such as airborne control aircraft.

ICNIA - Integrated Communication Navigation Identification Avionics suite, which combines the functions of current communications equipment, such as HF SSB (High Frequency-Single Side Band), VHF/UHF, SINCGARS, Have Quick, EJS, JTIDS, various navigational aids and transponder/interrogator facilities compatible with NATO-standard IFF systems. Based on common digital and RF processing modules built up from asynchronous logic circuits, the system allows for all these functions to be seamlessly built into just one package. It also takes up half the volume and weight of the aforementioned equipment. The Central Integrated Processors filter much of the information being passed to the pilot, presenting him with only data necessary for the phase for the mission currently being flown, to prevent information overload (optional manual override available).

The Vehicle Management Suite is responsible for $@pit controls and displays, flight and maneuver control, and engine/power control.

NACS Mk. III - Lu-65 is controlled by a centralized fly by light fiber optic system that takes both control input from the pilot and feedback from the various sensors and control surfaces around the airplane. Due to the critical role aircraft response times play in the air superiority mission, a FBL control scheme was chosen for the Lu-65. More importantly however, fly-by-light offers an attractive alternative to interference prone fly-by-wire systems. The popularity of EMI-based air defense weapons was not lost on TPMI/EC designers; thus, the NACS Mk. III is nearly immune to such errorneous behavior caused by outside sources. Additionally, the flight envelope characteristics of the Lu-65 are programmed into the system, which prevents the pilot from engaging in maneuvers which would induce a total loss of control. A manual override is available, though its use is not recommended. Should the aircraft depart its flight envelope for any reason, however, a failsafe switch in the $@pit may be engaged that will cause the NACS Mk. III to automatically return the aircraft to level flight. Finally, the system is adaptable to irregularities in instructions due to malfunction by reconfiguring itself and biasing the pilot’s controls to compensate. All motors utilized in the flight system are brushless, which improves efficiency, reliability, and reduces generated EMI levels. The electronic control modules for the motors are manufactured by MP Ordnance Corporation.

UCS – Utilities Control System, which manages and automates the various mechanical utilities found aboard the Lu-65 including primary and backup electrical systems, hydraulics (for aircraft control actuators, brakes, nose wheel steering, intakes, et al.), fuel stores and climate controls in the $@pit.

AEAD - Active Electronic Array Device, which is embedded in the outer skin. This functions as a core component of the Lu-65's avionics suite. It is comprised of embedded arrays of microscopic active transmitting elements, which are unified by the Vehicle Management Suite. Signals processing from the CIPs enable these integrated elements to act like the active elements of a phased array antenna. This permits the Lu-65 Advanced Air Superiority Fighter to sense and communicate in optical and other frequency bands, and in any direction from any aircraft attitude. Software developed by TPMI/EC enables all Lu-65's in flight to share target and system data via the AEAD interface, which allows pilots greater freedom for autonomous action. In addition, the distributed nature of the AEAD allows for unrivaled accuracy with regard to threat observation – the sensors may quickly identify the distance and bearing of hostile transmitter sites by coordinating information gathered by the Lu-65's RWR with the precise location that hostile RF signals impact the airframe.

[$@pit]

The layout of the $@pit systems were of paramount concern to the design team. Intended to maximize situational awareness for the pilot, displays and flight symbology are fully automated by the Mark 3 Vehicle Management System, with processing power for sensor system integration drawn from one CIP specifically assigned to this purpose. Use of the InfiniBand high-speed bus interface allows for the high level of system bandwidth required for this application. The Lu-65 features a fully digital, all-glass $@pit that has eliminated the confusing switches and dials of previous $@pit designs - this improves the effectiveness of the pilot by allowing him to concentrate on his mission, rather than his equipment.

The centerpiece of the $@pit avionics is a wide angle, 6 in. tall Heads-Up-Display. It is reinforced with vulcanized rubber and has minimal framing to preserve pilot visibility over the aircraft's nose. The system is capable of rendering a full range of flight and mission-critical information. TPMI/EC control software automates the displays and makes available to the pilot vital information useful to the phase of a sortie being flown at a time. The operator of the Lu-65 may also queue up additional displays on the HUD or multifunction head-down displays through an intuitive touchscreen interface. All data outputs from the Mark 3 avionics subsystems are made available to the pilot through the $@pit's AMLCD screens. The integration of these traditionally disparate elements through the Mark 3 serves to greatly enhance a pilot's situational awareness and combat effectiveness. For example, the data extracted from the CDI-1 navigational system allows for an astonishingly accurate "God's-eye-view" of the terrain surrounding the Lu-65 at a point in time. Integration of CDI-1 with the Sensor Management Suite enables targeting symbology to be directly overlaid onto this map, thus providing a pilot with an unprecedented level of control over the battlespace.

There are limitations to the HUD/MFD combination however; it forces a pilot to look straight ahead in order to receive information about his aircraft and its surroundings, which leaves him vulnerable to attack at points all around him. As a result, the Lu-65 features a set of Helmet Mounted Displays in the pilot's flight helmet. The helmet itself is an advanced, self-contained unit comprising the HMD, night vision equipment, microphone and headphones, and oxygen mask. Thanks to advancements in engineering techniques pioneered by TPMI/EC, the system is 20% lighter than previous-generation helmets even with the addition of the integrated electronic equipment, and provides the same level of protection. The HMD projects critical information onto a semi-reflective transparent visor in front of the pilot, and shares the symbology library used in the the HUD and MFDs. Additionally, motion-tracking capabilities are built into the flight helmet with a full six-degrees of freedom. This is linked to the MMTE-10 component of the Mark 3 avionics package, and allows for a pilot to cue up a weapon and engage targets from very-high off-boresight angles.

During simulator studies of the Lu-65, TPMI/EC engineers found that pilots were unable to access their touchscreens during high-G manuevers. In order to rectify this issue, a direct voice input system was developed for the fighter. The DVI system incorporates advanced voice recognition techniques that enable it to respond to commands with a latency of only 80ms with an accuracy rate of over 99.7%. Additionally, it is able to interpret the pilot's voice even when distorted by the stresses of air combat manuevering or G-forces. The use of DVI enables a pilot to look down at his MFDs for a minimum of time, thereby improving his situational awareness through a significant reduction in pilot workload.

[stealth]

Design studies conducted by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency indicated that any successor would require significant reductions in RADAR, IR, and electro-magnetic signatures to remain competitive in the air superiority mission. Air Service doctrine places its core emphasis on a pilot’s ability to achieve the first look and the first shot with regard to aerial combat – the DARPA investigation found that the best way to achieve this goal was to engineer the Lu-65 with low-observable characteristics that would enable the fighter to remain hidden from view until the pilot could engage his own missiles.

The unique shape and airframe design reflects this concern in a profound manner. The fighter has no vertical surfaces, and the angles incorporated on all horizontal leading and trailing edges are kept as different as possible, thereby dumping the reflected RF energy to the fighter’s port and starboard sectors. This results in large, but narrow RADAR signature spikes that are extremely difficult to track effectively. Lu-65 exhibits a high degree of wing/body blending, which provides desirable aerodynamic characteristics such as improved lift, while also reducing RCS by allowing electrical surface currents to flow over the surfaces without interruption.

The sharp wing sweep increases the amount by which RF energy is shifted away from the forward sector. However, the resulting configuration leads to the possibility of "traveling waves", RF energy flowing on the skin of an object, to be set up. These waves can re-radiate a great deal of RF energy if they meet discontinuities such as seams, gaps or changes in surface material. To attenuate the issue, the Lu-65's mission adaptive wing was used and all other discontinuities were either eliminated or sealed off with electrically conducting material. Ultimately, the traveling waves meet an unavoidable discontinuity, where the structure physically ends, but the amount of re-radiated RF energy is minimized by the extensive use of RF absorbers on the fighter’s skin. Other physical features have been redesigned so as to provide much less RF reflection, such as the S-curvature of the intake ducts.

The Lu-65 makes extensive use of an advanced RF absorbing material known as Schiff base salt. Derived from research by Carnegie-Mellon University, the material, which is a fine black powder physically resembling graphite, consists of a long chain of carbon atoms with alternating double and single bonds and a nitrogen atom interrupting the string near one end. The chain carries a positive charge, associated largely with the nitrogen atom. A negatively charged 'counterion,' made up of varying composition depending on the specific salt, sits nearby, weakly connected to the chain. The counterion prefers to sit in one of two locations near the chain. A single photon easily dislodges the counterion from one location and forces it into the other. A short time later, the molecule relaxes, and the counterion returns to its original position. Notably, certain salts required a very small amount of energy to shift the counterion - they could be triggered by RADAR energy of certain frequencies. As a result, the Schiff base salts are able to absorb radio waves, and dissipate the energy as heat. This unique property is fully exploited in the fighter’s construction - a mixture of salts tuned to surveillance frequency bands most often employed by air to air RADAR systems (X, L, etc.) are dissolved in the fighter’s bismelmide resin skin and aerogel chambers. The SBS class of materials is additionally 90% lighter than previous-generation ferromagnetic absorbers, and extremely inexpensive to fabricate.

Supplementing the SBS in reducing RCS is an epoxyide applied to the airframe that reduces RADAR return through the use of non-organic microparticle absorbers embedded in the resin binder. Production of the material begins by coating 5-75 micron alumina spheres with a thin layer of silver and exposing the particles to selenium vapor at high temperature. The selenium reacts with the silver coating, which forms a film of silver selenide over the alumina sphere. This is loaded into the epoxyide matrix on a weight ratio of 1:1, which serves to enhance structural strength. Comprehensive studies into the absorptive qualities of the epoxyide appliqué indicate phenomenal performance – the silver selenide coated microparticles were found to reduce RCS by an astounding 20-25 decibels across the radio frequency range of 5-20 GHz. Also, the appliqué material shields the RADAR-transparent skin from being illuminated by hostile transmitters.

The exact RCS of the Lu-65 is classified; however, released data indicates a reduction of at least a full order of magnitude as compared to the F-22 Raptor in most aspects.

In order to reduce electro-magnetic signature, the avionics bays built into the Lu-65a re treated with Electric Wave Absorbing Material, developed by TPMI/EC. EWAM is a six-layer, non-woven cloth comprised of stainless steel and polyethyl fibers. The material is applied to the inner walls of the electronics housing in the Shukusei, and serves to eliminate electro-magnetic leakage from the on-board equipment. Under laboratory conditions, EWAM absorbs 99% of all emitted EM radiation, and serves to reduce the vulnerability of the Lu-65 to passive electromagnetic sensor detection.

[Powerplant]

The /MRF-09's AFE-118 engines are manufactured by MP Ordnance Corporation. The AFE-118 is an advanced variable bypass turbofan capable of supercruise without the use of an afterburner. At its maximum output at 15,000 meters, it delivers 206.8 kilonewtons of thrust per engine, for a total of 413.6 kilonewtons of thrust. This is enough to propel the Lu-65 to a maximum speed of Mach 2.9 in the Airforce configuration and Mach 3.6 in the Naval configuration. The reason for this discrepancy in speed is because the Airforce version of the AFE-118 has narrower intakes with a more deeply curved inlets, which results in a lower radar cross section as there less of a chance that radar can detect the plane's spinning fans. The Naval version of the AFE-118 has wider, larger intakes with a more gradual curve in the inlet that allows for better, more efficient airflow to the engine, thus increasing both its efficiency and performance. The cost is that the Naval version has a slightly increased RCS vs. the Airforce version. Both versions of the engine have their moving parts, such as the fan and integrally bladed compressor rings forged from single crystal titanium/cobalt metal matrices glazed with a thin layer of silicon carbide DCP cermets which acts as a thermal barrier coating. The same silicon carbide DCP cermets line the engine housing and exhaust vents as well, in order to prevent excess heat from being absorbed by the airframe itself. The intakes themselves have a flexible, mission adaptive lining that can self-adjust in order to modify the engine's bypass ratio, thus allowing for the engine to achieve maximum performance at all speeds and altitudes. The engine utilizes a counterflow thrust vectoring unit that allows for true 3d thrust vectoring without nozzles. The counterflow unit allows for thrust to be directed up to 25 degrees in any direction. The exhaust units are smokeless and do not leave any contrails.

In terms of maintenance, the engine can be accessed from either the top or bottom for easy removal. Like the F-119 used in the F-22 Raptor, the engine can be broken down into 6 modular parts and any of the modules easily replaceable. Also, the diagnostic software built into the plane's engine simplifies identification of malfunctions and other problems.

Armament]

Main Bay

Primary armament for the Lu-65 is carried internally in order to reduce RCS and improve aerodynamic performance. The Lu-65 utilizes Reich Aerospace's SADS-M weapon system in order to allow for the aircraft to fire its payload stealthily. Drawing on experience from the Advanced Reduced Signature Aircraft Ordinance Delivery System that was fielded before . SADS-M is a modular system based on the highly successful design. Like SADS, it launches its ordinance rather unconventionally: the weapon system utilizes an semi-maneuverable undercarriage that is lowered out from beneath the aircraft while firing. The system is designed to allow for the aircraft to maintain a high degree of stealth while launching ordinance. Rather than using a conventional bay that, when open, presents enemy RADAR operators with a signature, the undercarriage system lowers slightly from within its own bay (just small enough to accommodate the undercarriage), and can launch up to five medium range air-to-air missiles from five separate launch tubes.

Missile launches are aided via electro-magnetic coils and a high powered jet of compressed air, propelling the missiles out of the tubes, allowing for their engines to start a good distance from the aircraft. This means that the aircraft can remain better hidden, even when launching missiles. This also allows for ordinance to be launched during supersonic flight.

The primary difference between ARSADS and ARSADS-M comes in the principle of modularity.

Unlike ARSADS, the undercarriage system of ARSADS-M is designed to be quickly and easily removed by ground crews, allowing for each undercarriage to be easily swapped out. This adds a great amount of flexibility to the Lu-65, allowing for undercarriage systems designed to accommodate different types of air-to-air and air-to-ground munitions (for example, an ARSADS-M undercarriage may be equipped to fire sixteen short range air-to-air missiles, or one equipped to launch a pair of 2000lb laser guided bombs; the possibilities are endless) to be utilized by the aircraft. Generally, the operation of ARSADS-M is as follows: upon returning from a sortie, the undercarriage of the Lu-65 would be removed by the ground crew and replaced with a freshly loaded undercarriage configured to carry whichever type of ordnance is required for the mission. The spent undercarriage would then be reloaded with whichever type of missile it is designed to accommodate and reused, replacing an empty undercarriage on returning fighters.

Side Bay(s)

Secondary armament consists of two short-range air to air missiles carried in a pair of scaled down ARSADS-M launch carriages located to the sides of the intakes. Data from the ISTA infrared imaging suite is fed directly to the missiles for initial guidance, which allows for stealthier launch - instead of requiring their seekers to acquire the target in the slipstream, the weapons may be ejected as soon as the doors open.

Cannon

The Lu-65 Advanced Air Superiority Fighter makes use of the ACAG-331, a twin barreled 25x200mm Gast gun.

Operation: Essentially, the recoil from the discharge of one of the barrels will chamber another round in the other barrel. The gun is fed from two 150 round linkless belts. The gun can adjust its direction of feed by switching the belt pawls and reversing the bolt switch, allowing for cannons on different aircraft to be easily switched out. If one of the barrels fails, the other one can operate as a standard linear operated cannon, although at a far reduced firing rate.

Ammunition: The gun fires high velocity combustible case telescoping ammunition of various types. A unique type of ammunition fired by the gun is the armor piercing combustible sabot ammunition. The sabots are designed to disintegrate after leaving the muzzle, which ensures that they are not ejected into the Lu-65's intakes.

Barrels: The barrels are stellite lined with a bore evacuator in the middle to prevent fouling from being deposited in the barrel. Each barrel liner has a life of ~4,000 rounds. The end of each barrel is fitted with a recoil booster, in order to increase the rate of fire and somewhat reduce firing signature. Also, the barrels are ridged so as to disperse heat more efficiently.

Fire Control: The ACAG-331 is coordinated by the MMTE-10 electronics component, which integrates data from the inertial navigation system and Sensor Management Suite subsystems to automatically track and engage targets with superb precision. An override for manual targeting is also available in case of malfunction or pilot preference.

ACAG-331 Specifications:

Type: Twin Barreled Automatic Cannon

Ammunition: 25x200mm alternating HV/CTA HE

Operation: Gast principle.

Length: 3m

Barrel Length: 2.3m

System Weight: 86 kg.

V0 (HE): 1,400 m/s

V0 (AP): 1,670 m/s

V0 (APCS): 2,100 m/s

Round Weight (HE): 650 grams

Round Weight (AP): 605 grams

Round Weight (APCS): 580 grams

Effective Range: 3.5-4 km

Maximum Range: 8-9 km

RPM: 3600 rounds per minute, 1800 rounds per minute per barrel.

Squadrons: 45

vf-25s-fighter.gif

Unit: F/A-9 Hailstorm

Unit Type: Strike Fighter

Equipment: Deployable Manuvering Canards, Low Radar Cross Section, Anti-Radar Coating, Thrust Vectoring, Jamming Equipment, Helmet Based Firing System, Super Cruise, Broad Spectrum Radar and LIDAR

Unit Speed: Mach 2.4

Super Cruise: Mach 1.5

Thrust/Weigh Ration: 1.5

Weapons:

1 25 mm Gatling Cannon

2 8-Tube Micro IR AA Missile Pods

8 Hardpoints

Countermeasures

Unit Description: The F/A-9 Hailstorm is an multi role fighter designed to operation in both the Red Navy and Red Airforce. The Unit is equipped with advanced avionics just like the F-65, though it is purely a domestic version. It makes use of the excellent thrust vektoring and engine technology the Red Air force has. The unit is capable of defeating stealth and destroying targets. Additionally it is equipped with extremely good air-ground capabilities allowing it to deliver a lethal strike on its prey.

Squadrons: 30

Attack Units:

avengerii.gif

Unit Name: Buckaneer Jet Attack Craft

Dimensions: length 18.3 meters.

Unit Speed: Mach 1.3

Primary Systems: two jet engines.

Design Features: arresting hook; two side-by-side seats.

Specialized Equipment: Advanced Jamming, Countermeasures, and Quick Lock on to kill enemy AA defenses.

- Armament -

Bombs & Missiles:

8 x under-wing bomb racks capable of carrying 5 bombs per mount (40 bombs total).

2 x anti-aircraft missiles (mounted under each engine nacelle).

1 x 30 mm Gatling Cannon

Squadrons: 15

b-3-_Supersonic-1-1.jpg

Unit Name: B-10 Avenger

Unit Type: Super Sonic Stealth Bomber

Maximum Speed: Mach 3.5

Weapons: 30, 000 kg of bombs or cruise missiles

Squadrons: 15

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Red Navy

Capital Ships

RA3_Shogun2.jpg[

Unit Name: Marx Class Nuclear Battleship

Weapons:

3 3 Barrel 155 MJ Rail Guns

2 2 Barrel 185 MJ Rail Guns

18 2 Barrel Rocket Propelled GPS Guided 6 inch Secondary Guns

60 VLMS Tubes

Evolved SRRM and Sea Sparrow Missiles

Anti Air-CIWS Cannons

Anti-Submarine Depth charge Mortars

Torpedo Net Arms

Units: 8

Big.png

Unit Name: Stalin Class Stealth Battlecruiser

Unit Unique Features: Concealed Radar Profile, Anti Radar Coating, More Silent Drive, AEGIS, advanced radar and sonar grids

Weapons:

1 Stealth Pod Long Range Rail Gun (Range: 400 kilometers)

4 Retractable Low Altitude Hypersonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile Launchers (4 Armor piercing CMs each, each fly just above the water)

2 20-Tube Large VLMS Launchers

2 60-Tube VLMS Launchers

2 Concealable Rapid Reload Evolved Sea Sparrow Launchers

2 Direct Energy Weapons

Aircraft:

2 Anti-Submarine Warfare Helicopters

Ships of the Line: 7

Leckie_Class_carrier_by_ex_pacifist.jpg

Unit Name: Crimean Wolf Battle Carriers

Weapons Systems:

Offensive:

4 Coverable Twin High Range Rail Guns

70 VLS Missile Launchers

6 Torpedo Launchers

Defensive Systems:

20 Generation II Reload System Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile Launchers (anti air, anti missile)

8 CIWS Turrets w/ Direct Energy Weapons

8 Torpedo Decoy Launchers

8 Torpedo Interceptors

Classified Number of retractable armored hydraulic arms with torpedo nets

Unit Squadrons: 5 Combat Squadrons Can Be Launched from the decks with 3 squadrons capable of being held internally

Unit Description: The Crimean Wolf is a larger version of the Pacific Wolf Carriers operated by the EU. It is upgraded with greater flight deck capacity and superior anti-projectile and anti-submarine defenses.

Units: 6

ddx_rtn_2ship.jpg

Unit Name: Sea Serpent Class Destroyer

Speed: 30.3 knots

Weapon Systems:

2 2-inch Barrel Rail Gun (equivalent force of 16 inch gun, range 250 kilometers)

30 VLS Missile Launchers (90 tubes, generally 30 higher powered warheads, 30 anti-ship kinetic energy missiles, 20 kinetic energy anti-ground missiles, 10 anti-submarine kinetic energy missiles)

Direct Energy Defense System (Operates on a similar principle to this with shorter range but greater emitters, designed for defense of a fleet space (80 square kilometers interception at 200 kilometers) rather than a large country)

Gen II Sea Sparrow Evolved Missile

4 Anti-Submarine Torpedo Launchers

4 Torpedo Interceptors

Chaff and torpedo decoy launchers

unknown number of deployable arms with torpedo nets

2 Mk-110 57mm CIWS Guns

Units: 7

aegis.jpg

Unit Name: Hunter Class Stealth Frigate

1 2 Inch Rail Gun

10 (60-Tube) VLMS Launchers

80 Gen-II Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles

4 CIWS Metal Storm Systems

2 Direct Energy CIWS Systems

6 Torpedo Tubes

4 Anti-Torpedo Interceptors

Decoy Launchers

Unit Description: A powerful fast attack trimaran. This Frigate is designed to move at high speeds to intercept and engage enemy forces. Its stealth design allows it remain undetected where its advance sensor suite allows it to engage and destroy enemy aircraft, missiles, and submarines making it an excellent fleet defender. It packs sufficient firepower to engage most small-mid size capital ships, and can out range fight less advanced navies larger capital ships.

Units: 7

SHIP_LPD-17_San_Antonio_Cutaway_lg.jpg

Liberation Class Amphibious Dock Ship

Special Features: Reduced Radar Profile, anti-radar coating, advanced sensor and sonar grid, amphibious assualt planning mobile command

Troop Capacity: 800 + Crew

Aircraft Capacity: 8 large VTOL aircraft, 8 Smaller VTOL aircraft

Combat Vehicles: 50 combat vehicles

Hovercrafts: 4

Weapons:

2 12-Tube Evolved SeaRAM Launchers with Rapid Reload

4 CIWS Systems

4 105 mm BOFOR rifled Cannons

8 25 mm Chain Cannons

Units: 8

uss-freedom.jpgDisplacement: Appx. 3000 tons (full load)

Length: 378.3 ft (115.3 m)

Beam: 57.4 ft (17.5 m)

Draft: 12.1 ft (3.7 m)

Propulsion: 2 Rolls-Royce MT30 36 MW gas turbines, 2 Colt-Pielstick diesel engines, 4 Rolls-Royce waterjets

Speed: 45 knots (52 mph; 83 km/h) (sea state 3)

Range: 3,500 nmi (6,500 km) at 18 knots (21 mph; 33 km/h)[2]

Endurance: 21 days (336 hours)

Boats and landing

craft carried: 11 m RHIB, 40 ft (12 m) high-speed boats

Complement: 15 to 50 core crew, 75 mission crew (Blue and Gold crews)

Armament:

Mk 110 57 mm GPS guided gun (range 90 km)

RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missiles

Honeywell Mk 50 Torpedo

NETFIRES PAM missile in the ASuW module

2 .50-cal guns

Units: 9

ASC_future_sub3.jpg

Unit Name: Peter the Great Class Nuclear Missile Submarine

Unit Speed: 45 knots above surface, 25 knots underwater

Unit Propulsion Type: Nuclear

Unit Armaments:

6 660 mm Long Range Torpedo tubes (range 55 kilometers)

4 SLBM Launch Tubes

30 VLMS Launch Tubes

Units: 6

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WMD Arsenal:

Nuclear Weapons:

9 600 kiloton Fission 'Boosted' Underground Reinforced ICBMs

6 400 kiloton Fission SLBMs

High Yield Conventional Bombs:

26 60 Tonne Enhanced Thermobaric Vacuum Bombs ICBMs

10 40 Tonne Enhanced Thermobaric Vacuum Bombs SLBMs

EMP Bombs:

4 City Disruptor EMP SLBMs

10 Enhanced City Disrupter ICBMs

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