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The United Kingdom of Byzantium, Greece, Georgia, and Transcaucasia


JEDCJT
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(OOC: tl;dr. You dont have to read all this. This is merely setting the system of the UK in place. You can skip ahead to the second post, where there will be a description of the political parties. Do not post a reply or vote yet, until I have the second post set up. :P)

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Official statement from the United Kingdom of Byzantium, Greece, Georgia, and Transcaucasia

Now that the United Kingdom had been officially established, it was time to set the foundations of the new state. As Prime Minister Jed Constantine stated in his speech, the United Kingdom is to be a "parliamentary unitary State, headed by the Prime Minister, led by Parliament, and represented by the Sovereign (Emperor or Empress)." It shall be comprised of four Countries:

  • Byzantium, with its capital in Constantinople
  • Greece, with its capital in Athens
  • Georgia, with its capital in Tiflis
  • Transcaucasia (formerly the Stavropol Republic), with its capital in Stavropol

Each Country shall each have their own unicameral assembly, of which shall be elected by the people themselves. Each Country shall have the rights and powers to devolution, that is, a certain degree of autonomy from the central Government. The rights to devolution shall be granted and protected by the Constitution. Each assembly has the power to pass legislation in their respective jurisdictions (but only with the approval of Parliament and these laws and decrees must concern domestic matters). However, each assembly shall send their representatives to the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which alone has parliamentary sovereignty.

As such, an assembly was duly established in all four Countries. They are as follows:

  • National Assembly of Byzantium
  • Greek Parliament
  • National Parliament of Georgia
  • Transcaucasian Assembly

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The Parliament of the United Kingdom, through the Constitution, shall have a bicameral system of governance. The former Meclis shall thus be converted into two chambers: the Chamber of Representatives (lower house) and the Senate (upper house). Both the Chamber of Representatives and the Senate shall convene in the Dolmabahce Palace.

The Chamber of Representatives, formally titled the Honorable Chamber of Representatives of the United Kingdom of Byzantium, Greece, Georgia, and Transcaucasia, shall be a democratically-elected body comprising of 550 members that shall be elected by the ’first-past-the-post system’ (winner receives the most votes) and shall serve four-year terms (until otherwise). Each Country of the United Kingdom shall be subdivided into constituencies that are represented by each Member of Parliament (and each constituency shall elect one Member of Parliament). General elections shall occur every four years, or until Parliament is dissolved by the Sovereign (the Prime Minister decides the date when the dissolution shall take place).

At the beginning of each new Parliamentary term, the Chamber of Representatives shall elect a Speaker (if he or she wishes to run for reelection, the Chamber can pass a motion permitting such). The role of the Speaker is to preside over debates in the Chamber of Representatives, introduce motions, and the like. The Speaker also signs and endorses bills, signs orders, and the like. He or she is advised by the Chief Advisor of the Chamber of Representatives on rules and procedures of the Chamber.

The Chamber of Representatives can introduce bills, and as can the Senate. However, the Chamber is given more broader powers to introduce, formulate, and pass bills into law (and without the consent of the Senate in certain situations). Bills introduced in the Chamber are reviewed in the Senate (but cannot be modified or revised by the Senate) first before approval. If a bill is rejected by the Senate, it is sent back to the Chamber, where it may become law through a 2/3 majority of the vote (but only if it receives Royal assent).

The Senate, formally named the Glorious and Rightful Senate of the United Kingdom of Byzantium, Greece, Georgia, and Transcaucasia, is the lower house in Parliament. It comprises of about 650 members, which shall serve four-year terms.

The Senate shall have the power to elect a Speaker of its own, and one that shall be appointed by the Sovereign. His role is to preside over affairs and debates in the Senate. Unlike his counterpart in the Chamber of Representatives, however, the Speaker has no formal powers. He/she is assisted by the Clerk of the Senate, which advises the Speakers on procedures, rules, and affairs; the Clerk also signs orders (but not bills), endorses bills, and keeps official records of both Houses. The Leader of the Senate, appointed by the Prime Minister, also assists the Speaker in his duties by introducing bills through the Senate.

The Senate has the power to review any bills introduced by the Chambers of Representatives, to approve them, and under special circumstances, to reject them. Furthermore, the Senate has the power to delay any bills, but only for a period of 60 days. After that, it becomes law (but only if the Prime Minister signs it and it receives Royal Assent).

To represent the United Kingdom as a whole, the Monarchy of Byzantium shall be established, of which the appointed Sovereign (Emperor or Empress) shall be accorded powers, responsibilities, and duties as specified by the Constitution. The Sovereign shall reign for life, unless circumstances occur of which the Sovereign cannot perform or carry out his/her duties. Under such circumstances, a special session of Parliament shall be called upon, of which both Parliament and the Prime Minister, with a 2/3 majority, shall appoint a rightful successor to the throne.

Under the Constitution, the Sovereign shall assume the roles of a ceremonial Head of State, of which powers, responsibilities, and duties shall be limited to nonpartisan functions, such as granting honors, providing Royal Assent, and other aspects. Oaths of allegiances shall be made to the Sovereign and his/her lawful successors. The Sovereign, at certain times, has the power and responsibility to appoint a new Prime Minister; the Sovereign shall, under certain times and circumstances, have the power to dismiss the Prime Minister (this would have to be approved by Parliament first, though). In the case of a ‘hung Parliament’, the Sovereign shall have the power to choose the leader who has the highest share of respect in the Parliament (that is, the leader of a political party that has the highest shares of seats in both houses of Parliament).

The Sovereign also has the power to exercise his/her power through the Imperial Prerogative: that is, the Sovereign has the right to summon, convene, and dissolve Parliament (the Parliament, however, has the power to override any Prerogative by passing appropriate legislation), and to affix a Royal Assent to any bill in Parliament. Any bills that passes Parliament must receive the Royal Assent in order to become law (except in certain cases). Power, however, resides in the office of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; the Sovereign, with ceremonial powers, can only advise the Prime Minister on matters and must accept his/her decision (but only if the Prime Minister maintains a majority of support in Parliament).

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Byzantium, Greece, Georgia, and Transcaucasia is the leader of the United Kingdom and the head of the UK Government as a whole. According to the Constitution, the Prime Minister shall be collectively responsible to the Sovereign, Parliament, his political party, the electorate, the people, and finally, the UK as a whole.

The Prime Minister is elected every four years, although there are no term limits. When elected and commissioned by the Sovereign, the Prime Minister shall make a cabinet and agenda, and with the support of the Chamber of Representatives (which the Prime Minister is required to be a member of) Further, the Prime Minister is the leader of the Chamber of Representatives, of which he shall play a major part in the lawmaking process. He has the power to appoint and dismiss any of his Cabinet members, of which he exercises his powers through, at any time for any reason.

Although under the Constitution, the Sovereign is the Commander-in-Chief of the Byzantine Armed Forces (Army, Navy, and Air Force), the Prime Minister actually wields wide-ranging powers to deploy forces anywhere in the world for any purpose (but only with Parliament‘s approval), to issue a declaration of war, and to authorize the use of nuclear weapons (only Parliament can order their use, however). Furthermore, the Prime Minister has the power to make appointments (civilian and military and the like). Although elected by the electorate and appointed by the Sovereign, the Prime Minister can be dismissed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament (but only with the Sovereign’s approval), or by the Sovereign himself/herself.

The Prime Minister’s cabinet goes as follows:

  • Prime Minister
  • Secretary of the Treasury
  • Chief Secretary to the Treasury
  • Speaker of the Chamber of Representatives
  • Speaker of the Senate
  • Secretary of State for Defense
  • Secretary of State for National Security
  • Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
  • Secretary of State for Justice
  • Secretary of State for Education
  • Secretary of State for Health
  • Secretary of State for Intelligence
  • Secretary of State for the Interior
  • Secretary of State for Labor
  • Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise, and Commerce
  • Secretary of State for Agriculture, Environment, and Rural Affairs
  • Secretary of State for Housing and Urban Developments
  • Secretary of State for Local, Districts, and Constituencies
  • Secretary of State for Scientific and Technological Research and Development
  • Secretary of State for International Developments
  • Secretary of State for Transportation
  • Secretary of State for Culture, Media, and Sport
  • Secretary of State for Energy and Climate
  • Secretary of State for Byzantium
  • Secretary of State for Greece
  • Secretary of State for Italia
  • Secretary of State for Georgia
  • Secretary of State for Transcaucasia

Lastly, the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom of Byzantium, Greece, Georgia, and Transcaucasia shall be established. The Supreme Court shall serve as a ‘court of last resort’, and shall have final jurisdiction and ruling over all matters under UK, Byzantine, Greek, Georgia, and Transcaucasian law. It shall investigate, evaluate, and determine devolution issues, especially in regards to each Country’s right to devolution. Lastly, the Supreme Court shall interpret laws in accordance to the Constitution, and thus shall have the power to overturn laws or resolutions or the like that it deems unlawful or constitutional. The Supreme Court shall be independent from both the Prime Minister and the Parliament.

The Supreme Court shall consist of a Supreme Justice and nine Associate Justices, of which are appointed by the Prime Minister with Parliament’s approval and confirmation. Justices generally serve for life, of which their tenure would be terminated only upon death, resignation, retirement, or impeachment.

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The UK capital and seat of government, according to the Constitution, shall be situated in Constantinople, and unto perpetuity -- although the Supreme Court shall reside in Ankara. This shall be assured and protected by the Constitution (although this can be changed/modified, but only with the people‘s approval). The center of national intelligence shall be established in Dorylaeum (formerly Eskisehir).

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With all said, elections shall be held soon as to allow the people to vote on what party they choose. The following political parties listed below shall be legal and allowed to function on the political scene, three major and the rest minorities. Parliament alone reserves the right to withdraw funding/support or even ban any political party that it deems too ’endangering’ or ’threatening’ the sovereignty, stability, or legitimacy of the United Kingdom.

Political parties:

Liberal Party

Conservative Party

Monarchist Party

National Union Party

Socialist Party

Communist Party

Edited by JEDCJT
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(OOC: Okay, you can comment and/or vote. :P)

LIBERAL PARTY - Jed Constantine

Led by current Prime Minister Jed Constantine, the Liberal Party supports the ideas of political and economic liberalism and freedom. The Liberal Party believes in the notion of internationalism, establishing new friendships around the globe, maintaining and honoring treaties, and maintaining peace, law, and order everywhere in the world. The Government shall have some, but decisive, role in the nation’s economy.

CONSERVATIVE PARTY - William Hart

The Conservative Party, led by William Hart, believes in conservatism and Byzantine unionism. The Conservative Party also promotes the notion of increased government intervention in the economy; it also supports peace, law, and order around the world, although it is interested into placing Byzantium on a more neutral footing regarding international affairs.

MONARCHIST PARTY - Johan Kemal

The Monarchist Party believes in the establishment of an Empire, in the political and economic sense. The Monarchist Party also supports international peace, although it is more selective when signing treaties and agreements, and the like. The Government will take a ’laissez-faire’ stance regarding the economy -- that is, the government will have a little part in the economy (although it will intervene if needed).

NATIONAL UNION PARTY - Jamie Turk

Under the leadership of Jamie Turk, the National Union Party supports the concept of a federation in the UK, and believes in strong Turkish nationalism. Byzantium will play a lesser role on the international stage, and the government will have a strong part in the economy.

SOCIALIST PARTY - Harry Tezel

The Socialist Party believes in the concept of social democracy and trade unionism. The government will play a large and decisive part in the economy, although a mixed economy will be maintained and supported. The Socialist Party also believes in international peace and friendship, but also nonintervention unless it directly concerns the state.

COMMUNIST PARTY - Karl Talik

The Communist Party believes in Marxist ideals, that is, the establishment of Communism in Byzantium and the UK as a whole. It promotes the creation of an egalitarian society, of which everyone else is equal and there are no imbalances in political, economic, and social life. There is a belief in state intervention in the economy, that the government would control the means of production for the good of all. The Communist Party also supports internationalism.

Edited by JEDCJT
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While Timor would gladly like to vote for Jed Constantine, we are Socialist, and are wondering how the Socialist Party would react, when caught between conflicting treaties, of different seniority. Would you help the older ally or the newer one?

OOC: Haven't voted. Yet.

Edited by Biohazard
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While Timor would gladly like to vote for Jed Constantine, we are Socialist, and are wondering how the Socialist Party would react, when caught between conflicting treaties, of different seniority. Would you help the older ally or the newer one?

OOC: Haven't voted. Yet.

"Hm, we understand your feelings. It can be a difficult choice sometimes, so to say. But one must take chances."

OOC: :P

Edited by JEDCJT
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OOC: Could have given me a straight answer. :/

/me facepalms

IC: Once more, a question to the Socialist party. Would you actively try to spread Socialism, non-militarily?

OOC: That's Byzantium for ya. We're always vague, no matter how hard we try not to be. :awesome:

IC: The Socialist Party dispatched a reply to Timor: "Yes, we would. We would never try to use military force to achieve our objectives, so to say. We are interested in attaining our goals peacefully."

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Polls are now closed.

According to the polls, the Liberal Party won an overwhelming majority of the votes, an astonishingly high 72% of the vote. Through the current ‘first-past-the-post system’, the Liberal Party gained the most seats in both houses of Parliament, receiving 397 out of 550 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 469 out of 650 seats in the Senate.

The Conservative, Monarchist, and Communist parties received about 6% of the vote, receiving 31 seats, respectively, in the Chamber of Representatives and 36 seats each in the Senate. The Socialist Party received 11.11% of the vote, gaining 61 seats in the Chambers of Representatives and 73 seats in the Senate. The National Union Party received the least of the votes, scoring a measly 1% of the vote and thus gaining 6 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 7 seats in the Senate.

The newly elected senators (called Members of Parliament) will immediately take their seats, and their terms will officially begin on March 9th, 2009 and expire on March 8th, 2013, unless circumstances happen otherwise.

(OOC: I'm not sure about the 'official year' here in CNRP. In my timescale, it would be 2017, at least.)

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