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The Soviet Union (CNRP-R)


Malatose
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Workers of the World Unite!

Basic Facts

National Resources: Natural gas as well as coal, iron ore, timber, gold, manganese, lead, zinc, nickel, mercury, potash, phosphates, and most strategic minerals

Population: 120,000,000 , growth rate 1.6%

Birth rate: 18 births/1,000 population

Death rate: 11 deaths/1,000 population

Life expectancy at birth: 64 years male, 74 years female

Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman

Nationality: noun--Soviet(s); adjective--Soviet

Ethnic divisions: 52% Russian, 16% Ukrainian, 32% among over 100 other ethnic groups

Religion: 20% Russian Orthodox; 10% Muslim; 7% Protestant, Georgian Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Roman Catholic; less than 1% Jewish; 60% atheist (est.)

Language: Russian (official); more than 200 languages and dialects (at least 18 with more than 1 million speakers); 75% Slavic group, 8% other Indo-European, 12% Altaic, 3% Uralian, 2% Caucasian

Literacy: 99%

Labor force: 110,000,000 civilians; 78% industry and other nonagricultural fields, 22% agriculture

Organized labor: 98% of workers are union members; all trade unions are organized within the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (AUCCTU) and conduct their work under guidance of the Communist party

Political Parties

THE COMMUNIST PARTY of the Soviet Union (CPSU) governs the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union). It emerged from the Bolshevik fraction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin. The party led the 1917 October Revolution that overthrew Russian Provisional Government and established the world's first socialist state. Given a central role under the Constitution of the Soviet Union, the party controls all tiers of government in the Soviet Union and does not tolerate any opposition. Its organization was subdivided into communist parties of the constituent Soviet republics as well as the mass youth organization, Komsomol.

Soviet Government

Socialist Federal Republic:

General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union: The general secretary possessed many powers. As chairman of the Politburo, the general secretary decided the agenda and timing of its deliberations. The general secretary acted as chief executive of the party apparatus and thus supervised the nomenklatura. The general secretary also chaired the Defense Council, which managed the Soviet military-industrial complex. Finally, through attendance at summit meetings with world heads of state, the general secretary acquired symbolic legitimation as the Soviet Union's top ruler. To secure his rule and advance his policies, the general secretary also has to increase his authority. One further means to strengthen the legitimacy of the general secretary's power has been the acquisition of high government offices, such as the Chairman of the Presidium of the Soviet Union or the Council of Ministers.

Head of State: The Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet: The office of chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet is little more than a ceremonial and diplomatic convenience. The chairman had the formal authority to sign treaties and to receive the credentials of diplomatic representatives. The power of the person occupying the office stemmed from other positions that person may have held. In the past, CPSU general secretaries who also served as chairmen of the Presidium have given priority to their party duties rather than to the ceremonial duties of the chairmanship.

Head of Government: The Constitution placed the chairman of the Council of Ministers at the head of government. As such, the chairman acted as the prime minister and therefore was responsible for enacting party decisions and ensuring that their implementation conformed to the intentions of the party leadership. After Khrushchev's ouster in 1964, in order to avoid too much concentration of power, the party established a policy that the positions of chairman of the Council of Ministers and first (general) secretary of the party had to be filled by two different persons.

Council of Ministers: The Council of Ministers and its agencies carried out the following tasks of government: internal and external security of the state; economic development, management, and administration; and ideological instruction and education. The council enacted the decisions of the party and therefore administered, through its bureaucratic regulatory and management arms, every aspect of Soviet life. As its primary task, however, the council managed the economy.

Supreme Soviet: The Supreme Soviet is the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union. The Supreme Soviet formally appointed the chairman of the Council of Ministers, ratified or rejected his candidates for ministerial posts and supervised their work, and adopted economic plans and budgets and reported on their implementation. Through its chairman, the Supreme Soviet represented the country in formal diplomacy. It also had the authority to appoint the Defense Council, confer military and diplomatic ranks, declare war, ratify treaties, and repeal acts of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the chairman of the Supreme Soviet, and the Council of Ministers. The Supreme Soviet functions as a rubber stamp to legislation originating from less representative but more powerful bodies, like the Politburo.

Current Leadership:

General Secretary of the Communist Party: Pavel Leonidovich Alekseyev

Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet: Pavel Leonidovich Alekseyev

Chairman of the Council of Ministers: Mikhail Eduardovich Sergetov

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Armed Forces of the Soviet Union

As old as the Soviet state, the Soviet Military have been highly integrated into its political, economic, and social systems. The missions of the Soviet armed forces are to defend the Soviet Union and its socialist allies, to ensure favorable conditions for the development of the world socialist system, and to assist the national liberation movements around the world. The armed forces have defended communist parties that dominate Sovietallied socialist countries as well as the Soviet Union. They also have projected military power abroad to help pro-Soviet forces gain or maintain political power. Thus, the armed forces have provided the military might that is the basis of the Soviet Union's claim to be a superpower with global interests. To ensure that the military pursues these largely political objectives, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) controls the armed forces through a combination of political indoctrination, co-optation, and party supervision at every level.

Leadership of the Soviet Armed Forces

Four main organizations control the Soviet armed forces. The Defense Council, which includ the highest party and military officials in the Soviet Union, is the supreme decision-making body on national security issues. The Main Military Council, the Ministry of Defense, and the General Staff are strictly military organizations.

Defense Council: The Soviet Constitution states that the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet forms the Defense Council. The Defense Council is the organ through which the CPSU Central Committee, the Supreme Soviet, and the Council of Ministers exercise supreme leadership of the armed forces and national defense. In reality, these bodies carried out the Defense Council's decisions on issues concerning the armed forces and national defense. The general secretary of the CPSU has normally been the chairman of the Defense Council. chairman of the Defense Council, the general secretary has also been the supreme commander in chief of the Soviet armed forces.

Main Military Council: The Main Military Council was made up of the top leadership of the Ministry of Defense. The minister of defense was its chairman. The three first deputy ministers of defense, the eleven deputy ministers of defense, and the chief of the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and Navy were members of the Main Military Council.

In peacetime the Main Military Council has been responsible for the training, readiness status, and mobilization of the armed forces. It coordinated the activities of the five armed services and resolved interservice disputes over the allocation of roles and missions, material resources, and manpower. The Main Military Council also presented the Defense Council with the economic and budgetary requirements of the armed forces, based on the force structure proposed by the General Staff and the armed services.

Ministry of Defense: The Ministry of Defense, an all-union ministry, is technically subordinate to the Council of Ministers, as well as the Supreme Soviet and the CPSU Central Committee. The Ministry of Defense is made up of the General Staff, the Main Political Directorate for the Soviet Army and Navy, the five armed services, and the main and central directorates. The Ministry of Defense directs the five armed services and all military activities on a daily basis. It is responsible for fielding, arming, and supplying the armed services, and in peacetime all territorial commands of the armed forces reported to it.

The Soviet Army

Despite its position as the second service in the armed forces hierarchy, the Ground Forces is the most politically influential Soviet service. Senior Ground Forces officers hold all important posts within the Ministry of Defense as well as the General Staff. The Ground Forces has 2 million men, organized into four combat arms and three supporting services.

Conscription and Reserve: Under the 1967 Law on Universal Military Service, all male citizens must serve in the armed forces beginning at the age of eighteen. The conscription period for servicemen was two years except for sailors, which was three years. Based on quotas assigned by the General Staff's Main Organization and Mobilization Directorate, the voenkomat either assigned recruits to one of the armed services or granted deferments. Assignments were based on the physical attributes, education, skills, and political background of individual conscripts. The services that required technical abilities or high reliability, therefore, received conscripts with the highest qualifications.

Eighteen-year-olds are exempted from service if they are enrolled in a higher education institution.

The Soviet Union has a very elaborate Reserve system. Soldiers retained a reserve obligation until age fifty. For officers, the reserve obligation extended to sixty-five.

Current Troops:

600,000 Troops -

600,000 Reserve Forces - Part of the National Defense Reserve

1,000 T-98 MBT

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Vehicle Type: Main Battle Tank

Crew: Three (Driver, Gunner, and Commander).

Price: $70.5 Million

Speed:

Ground: 74.8 mph (100 kph) maximum road speed; 50 mph (80 kph) maximum off-road speed. The vehicle is designed to traverse virtually all terrain and can climb at up to a 60% grade although at a much slower speed (About 10% of maximum road speed). It can also climb barriers and ford trenches. The vehicle can also handle side slopes of up to 30%.

Statistical Data:

Height: 9.33 feet (2.8 meters) to top of turret.

Width: 12 feet (3.6 meters)

Length: 22.9 feet(6.88 meters) (hull only)

Weight: 61 tons (55 metric tons) fully loaded

Weapon Systems:

140 mm Electrothermal Smooth Bore Cannon: Mounted in the tank's turret and fully automated, this was a rather old (and refined) weapon capable of knocking out any tank then in service. The projectile is loaded into the barrel, behind which there is a "propellant", which is a dot of light metal. A powerful electromagnetic force is applied to the metal, which causes its atoms to "switch" directions. This happens so violently that the metal turns to plasma, and this expanding gas then drives the projectile forward. The autoloader handled only one type of ammunition, and normally only APFSDS munitions were loaded, since the main target would be other tanks.

Infrared Laser Jammers (2): These are jamming devices designed to stop incoming missiles, though actually the lasers fire wide beams of IR light at incoming missiles. When an IR guided missile is hit by the lasers its seeker is blinded.

Firefly Chaff Launchers (2): Located on the sides of the turret in the box-like structures. The launchers fire decoys straight up. This system is designed to confuse incoming missiles. The launchers do this by launching both flares and active radar decoys

Sensors:

Datalink transmitters: A powerful battlefield management communications system. Allows the tank to use targeting data from scout vehicles for firing the Sabot rounds, and to provide targeting data to other vehicles. The normal effective battlefield range is 10 miles (16 km).

Thermo-Imager: range of 2 miles (3.2 km). Finds the infra-red radiations of things that are warm. Also enables pilot to see in smoke, shadows and darkness.

Two Periscopes: Have up to x100 magnification for commander and driver to view out of while maneuvering the vehicle.

Nightvision Optics: Range: 2,000 ft (609 m). Uses light amplification to make a picture. Emits no light but will not work in absolute darkness. System can be dazzled by sudden bright lights but does not physically blind the pilot.

Laser Targeting/Rangefinder System 41,333 feet (12,400 meters).

Tank is fully NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protected, and all equipment is hardened against EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse).

2,500 T-97 Heavy MBT

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Vehicle Type: Heavy Tank

Crew: Three (Driver, Gunner, and Commander).

Price: $89.6 Million

Speed:

Ground: 74.8 mph (120 kph) maximum road speed; 50 mph (80 kph) maximum off-road speed. The vehicle is designed to traverse virtually all terrain and can climb at up to a 60% grade although at a much slower speed (About 10% of maximum road speed). It can also climb barriers and ford trenches. The vehicle can also handle side slopes of up to 30%.

Statistical Data:

Height: 10.87 feet (3.26 meters) to top of CIWS turret.

Width: 15.33 feet (4.6 meters)

Length: 36.23 feet (10.87 meters) with mine plow; 32.48 feet (9.9 meters) for just the hull/main body of the tank.

Weight: 91.5 tons (83 metric tons) fully loaded

Weapon Systems:

120mm Light Weight High Breech Pressure Liquid Propellant ETC: Mounted in the tank's turret and fully automated, this was a rather old (and refined) weapon capable of knocking out any tank then in service. It fires a variety of ammunition with combustible cases, meaning there is no need to eject spent casings.

Heckler & Koch LPM-8-B Liquid Propellant Machine-gun: This weapon was designed when it was clear that the older 7.62 mm machine-gun design would be inadequate. In later models, this was replaced by a rail gun but many older models still retained this weapon. The weapon can fire all types of burst available to machine guns except extended bursts. The weapon uses a special liquid propellant which delivers about four times the force of nitro-cellulose propellant and the weapon fires an 8 mm round.

Sensors:

Fully stabilized gun sight: A computer aided gunsight with up to x100 magnification and integral laser rangefinder.

Datalink transmitters: A powerful battlefield management communications system. Allows the tank to use targeting data from scout vehicles for firing the Anti-Tank missiles or Sabot rounds, and to provide targeting data to other vehicles. Bonus varies on the quality of the data being provided, but all data would allow the tank to fire over obstacles if the scout vehicle is in the right position. The normal effective battlefield range is 10 miles (16 km).

Thermo-Imager: range of 2 miles (3.2 km). Finds the infra-red radiations of things that are warm. Also enables pilot to see in smoke, shadows and darkness.

Two Periscopes: Have up to x100 magnification for commander and driver to view out of while maneuvering the vehicle.

Nightvision Optics: Range: 2,000 ft (609 m). Uses light amplification to make a picture. Emits no light but will not work in absolute darkness. System can be dazzled (but not burned out, compensates within a single round) by sudden bright lights but does not physically blind the user.

Laser Targeting/Rangefinder System 41,333 feet (12,400 meters).

Tank is fully NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protected, and all equipment is hardened against EMP (Electromagnetic Pulse).

Six Stalin Super Heavy Tanks

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500 BMP-4 IFVs

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Specifications:

Height: 9.0 feet (2.75 meters)

Width: 12.5 feet (3.3 meters)

Length: 23.6 feet (7.2 meters)

Weight: 29.1 tons

Speed - Maximum 65 mph

Speed - Cross Country 50 mph

Speed - 10% Slope 29 mph

Speed - 60% Slope 20 mph

Armament:

The Heinkel uses a 80 mm Electro Thermal Cannon on a turret. The Electro-Thermal Chemical Gun uses electrical energy to augment and control the release of chemical energy from existing or new propellants. The electrical energy is used to create a high-temperature plasma, which in turn both ignites the propellants and controls the release of the chemical energy stored in the propellants during the ballistic cycle.

The Turret can rotate 360-degrees and can aim upwards 60 degrees - allowing it to engage low-flying aircraft, mostly Helicopters. The vehicles also have four firing ports on either side and two in the rear. This allows the troops to engage in battle while still in the vehicle. The Heinkel is also equipped with a 9mm auto cannon in the front, and two 7.62mm Co-axial machine guns, which are mounted on cupolas on the top of the turret.

For added offensive capabilties, The Heinkel incoporates three Anti-Tank Missiles. Mounted on top of the turret in a powered remote controlled mount is a Grenade Launcher. The commander can operate the grenade launcher from inside the Heinkel and does not need to expose himself. Aiming is aided by the use of the fire control computer of the vehicle. The mount can rotate 360 degrees and has a maximum elevation of 60 degrees.

A smoke/gas dispensing unit is attached to each side of the IFV. The dispenser releases a dense cloud of smoke that covers a 40 foot (12.2 m) area in front of the vehicle. It can also release tear gas. The dispenser can dispense prismatic aerosol for dispersing laser beams. This has the same effect as prismatic aerosol grenades.

Fire and Control Systems:

Perisope System: The maximum range for identification is nine hundred meters for night and one thousand meters for day target identification.

LIDAR Detection: The LKL LIDAR Detection System is implemented into the IFV for greater targetting capabilties.

RADAR system: The Heinkel RADAR can detect at a range of 50 miles, and identify 96 targets and track 48.

Laser Targetting System: Detection: Sixteen thousand meters. The RFL has a range accuracy to within 10m and target discrimination of 20m

400 NGR 2100

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Model Type: NGR 2100

Vehicle Type: Self Propelled Howitzer

Crew: Five (Driver, Gunner, two loaders and Commander).

Speed:

Ground: Cruising speed on land is 37.3 mph (60 kph) on roads and 31 mph (50 kph) off road maximum. The vehicle is designed to traverse virtually all terrain and can climb at up to a 60% grade although at a much slower speed (About 10% of maximum road speed). It can also climb barriers and ford trenches. The vehicle can also handle side slopes of up to 30%.

Maximum Range: 621 miles (1000 km)

Statistical Data:

Height: 9.8 feet (3 meters)

Width: 11.8 feet (3.58 meters)

Length: Main Body: 26 feet (7.91 meters) and With Gun Forward: 38 feet (11.67 meters).

Weight: 55.5 tons (50 metric tons) empty and 61 tons (55 metric tons) combat loaded

155/52 caliber Howitzer: Very powerful and long range weapon that is capable of 360 degree rotation. The PzH 2100 must plant before firing its howitzer (takes 1 minute to set up). It fires standard artillery shells and is normally fired indirectly on the target but can be fired as direct fire if necessary. The cannon is loaded by a automatic shell loading device, which is fed from a onboard magazine. The magazine is fully automated and keeps stock of the amount and type of rounds still available.

Firefly Chaff Launcher (2): Located on the sides of the turret they are designed to confuse incoming missiles. The launchers do this by launching both flares and active radar decoys.

Sensors:

Datalink transmitters: A powerful battlefield management communications system. Allows the tank to use targeting data from scout vehicles for firing the Anti-Tank missiles or Sabot rounds, and to provide targeting data to other vehicles. Bonus varies on the quality of the data being provided, but all data would allow the tank to fire over obstacles if the scout vehicle is in the right position. The normal effective battlefield range is 20 miles (32 km).

Signaal Sabre ESM/ECM system: Combines ESM and ECM into one powerful system. The system can detect another radar system at 125% of the range of the transmitting radar.

Thermo-Imager: range of 2 miles (3.2 km). Finds the infra-red radiations of things that are warm. Also enables pilot to see in smoke, shadows and darkness.

Two Periscopes: Have up to x100 magnification for commander and driver to view out of while maneuvering the vehicle.

Nightvision Optics: Range: 2,000 ft (609 m). Uses light amplification to make a picture. Emits no light but will not work in absolute darkness. System can be dazzled (but not burned out, compensates within a single round) by sudden bright lights but does not physically blind the user.

Laser Targeting/Rangefinder System 41,333 feet (12,400 meters).

Smerch-M MLRS

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Vehicle Type: Missile Launching Platform

Crew: Three (Driver, Gunner, and Commander).

Speed:

Ground: Cruising speed on land is 70 mph (112.6 kph) on roads and 60 mph ( 96.6 kph) off road maximum. The vehicle is designed to traverse virtually all terrain and can climb at up to a 60% grade although at a much slower speed (About 10% of maximum road speed). It can also climb barriers and ford trenches. The vehicle can also handle side slopes of up to 30%.

Chassis: MAZ-543M

Combat Weight: 43.7 t

Length: 12 m

Height: 3.05 m

Width: 3.05 m

Crew: 3 men

Emplacement Time: 3 min

Displacement Time: 2 min

Launcher: 9A52-2, 300-mm, 12 tubes

Launch Rate

Salvo Time: 12 rounds in 38 seconds

Reload Time: 20 min

Stahl-10 Semi-Automatic Rifle

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Weight: 4.25 kilograms

Length: 112.0 centimetres

Barrel length: 560 millimetres

Cartridge: 7.94x56mm ARAM-M

Action: Gas-operated, tilting block

Rate of Fire: Semiautomatic

Muzzle Velocity: 825 Metres per Second

Effective Range: 600 metres (Point target)

Feed System: 20- or 30-round, double-stack detachable box magazine

Sights: Adjustable V-notch rear sight with flip-up, long-range aperture rear sight, hooded post front sight

StA11 SMG

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Weight 1.9 kg (4.19 lb)

Length 590 mm (23.2 in) stock extended / 380 mm (15.0 in) stock collapsed

Barrel length 180 mm (7.1 in)

Width 42 mm (1.7 in)

Height 172 mm (6.8 in)

Cartridge 4.6x30mm

Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt

Rate of fire 950 + 200 rounds/min

Muzzle velocity Approx. 710 m/s (2,329 ft/s)

Effective range 200 m

Feed system 20 or 40-round box magazine

StA-VC32 Sniper Rifle

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Weight: 12.4 kilograms (Loaded)

Length:

140 centimetres (stock retracted)

122 centimetres (stock collapsed)

Barrel length: 76.2 centimetres (30 inches)

Cartridge: 10.4x78mm Scythe

Calibre: 10.4 millimetres

Action: Mauser-design turn-bolt

Effective range: 2,000+ metres; 2,300 metres maximum

Feed system: 6-round detachable box magazine

Sights: M128 5.5-22x Power Magnification Telescopic Sight (Primary); Prometheus Sight Enhancement Module (Night Optic)

StA12 Assault Rifle

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Weight: 3.9 kilograms

Length:

Buttstock extended: 103.8 centimetres

Buttstock retracted: 94.0 centimetres

Barrel length: 510mm (20-inches)

Cartridge: 7.94x56mm ARAM-M

Action: Gas-operated, short-stroke piston, rotating bolt

Rate of Fire: 800 Rounds per Minute

Muzzle Velocity: 825m/s

Effective Range: 600m (Point target)

Feed System: 20-round, double-stack, detachable box magazine

Sights: Rear rotary diopter, front hooded post; M22 Floating Dot Sight (Reflex-type), M36 1.5x–5.5x Power Combat Optic Sight and M64 Holographic Combat Sight

Edited by Malatose
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The Soviet Airforce

The Soviet Air Force, also known under the abbreviation VVS, transliterated from Russian: ВВС, Военно-воздушные силы (Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily), was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.

VVS was divided into three main branches (equivalent to commands in Western air forces): Long Range Aviation (Dal'naya Aviatsiya or 'DA'), focused on long-range bombers; Frontal Aviation (Frontovaya Aviatsiya or 'FA'), focused on battlefield air defense, close air support, and interdiction; and Military Transport Aviation (Voenno-Transportnaya Aviatsiya or 'VTA'), which controlled all transport aircraft. The Air Defense Forces (Voyska protivovozdushnoy oborony or Voyska PVO), which focused on air defense and interceptor aircraft, was then a separate and distinct service within the Soviet military organization.

Long Range Aviation (Dal'naya Aviatsiya or 'DA')

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One Squadron

Name: GLI-133 Ank'ríat

Type: Super Heavy Bomber

Length: 101m

Wingspan: 117.16m

Height: 25.3m

Empty Weight: 230,000 kilograms

Loaded Weight: 449,310 kilograms

Maximum Take-Off Weight: 572,330 kilograms

Power Plant: Six F101-GE-102 augmented turbofans

Maximum Velocity: 1,050 kph

Cruise Velocity: 870 kph

Range: Unlimited

Service Ceiling: 16,000 meters

Armament: six external hardpoints for 59,000 lb (27,000 kg) of ordnance and 5 internal bomb bays for 75,000 lb (34,000 kg) of ordnance.

Defenses:

Two internal 'Artus' cylindrical mini-missile close-in weapon system

Crew: 5

Procurement Cost: 1.7 billion

Planned Production: 10

10 Squadrons

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Name: MB-1 Ghost Strategic Stealth Bomber

Height: 44 feet (13.1 meters)

Wingspan: 182 feet 9 inches (55.7 meters)

Length: 176 feet 6 inches (54.1 meters)

Weight: 257,940.8 pounds (117,000 kg) empty and 606,270 pounds (275,000 kg) fully loaded

Maximum Altitude: 20,000 m (65,500 ft)

Maximum Range: 6,000 km (3,250 nm)

Range (full load): 2,200 km (1,200 nm)

PayLoad - 54,000 kg

Sensors - AKZ RADAR (480 Kilometers), Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), and FLIR,

10 Squadrons

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Name: MLB-1 Varitas Stealth Bomber

Length: 38 m (125 ft)

Height: 10 m (33 ft)

Max altitude: 20,000 m (65,500 ft)

Cruising altitude: 15,000 m (49,000 ft)

Max range: 6,000 km (3,250 nm)

Range with max load: 2,200 km (1,200 nm)

Weight (empty): 32,000 kg (70,500 lb)

MTOW 85,000 kg: (188,000 lb)

Max load 20,000 kg: (44,000 lb)

Frontal Aviation (Frontovaya Aviatsiya or 'FA'),

MF-2 Chimera

Twenty Squadrons

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STATISTICAL DATA:

Type: One man multi-role fighter.

Total Length: 17.3 m

Total Height: 5.5 m Total

Total Wingspan: 13.6 m

Dry Weight: 18.8 metric tons

Fuel Compacity: 2,300 US gal (8,706 liters)

Maximum Speed @ 14,500 meter : Mach 2.8

Cruise Speed (max performance without afterburner): Mach 1.7

Stall Speed: 120 kph

Climb Rate: 28,000 meters per minute

Ceiling: 20,000 meters (65 kft)

Minimal Landing Distance at Sea Level: 300 meters

Max Combat Radius: 2500 km

Max Range (without external stores): 5600km

Propulsion:

2 x P&W F-119-V-500 variable cycle chemical turbofans/turbojets, 220 kN of afterburning thrust total. The engines have vectoring nozzles and provide STOVL capability.

AirFrame:

The MF-2 Chimera makes extensive use of carbon composites to reduce weight and reduce the passive radar cross section of the aircraft. However titanium, or titanium alloys, still makes up a large percentage of the structural material (38%) and makes up large portions of the fuselage, keel, and aft booms that hold the horizontal and vertical stabilizers. Each wing is made of carbon fiber/Bismaleimide (BMI) which is stronger than traditional thermoplastic-matrix composites.

The Chimera utilizes cooling sheath, blurred edges, and flickering skins to minimize the IR Signature of the aircraft. The Chimera is also equipped with active camaflouge systems.

Electronics:

L01 Helmet Mounted Display System:

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The Chimera's Helmet Mounted Display System (HMDS) is a 30° x 50° wide-field-of-view binocular display system providing the pilot with weapons / sensor video overlayed with symbology. The HMD provides integrated day / night capability with sensor fusion. Due to its extremely high accuracy and undetectable latency, the helmet system serves as the 'virtual HUD' in the MF-2, which is the first modern tactical aircraft designed without a conventional Head-Up Display (HUD). The HMDS provides a custom helmet shell, liner and suspension system for maximum pilot comfort, optimal C.G. and low weight.

The HMDS uses a combination of electro-optics and head position and orientation tracking software algorithms to present critical flight, mission, threat and safety symbology on the pilot's visor. The system allows the pilot to direct aircraft weapons and sensors to an area of interest or issues visual cues to direct the pilot's attention

Features of the L01 include visor-projected, binocular, wide field-of-view, high-resolution, near real-time imagery and symbology; equivalent accuracy to head-up display systems; 24-hour usability; and fit, comfort and safety during ejection. Proper weight and balance are crucial in minimizing pilot fatigue resulting from high-g maneuvers and reducing head and neck loads in ejections. The helmet weighs 4.2 pounds (1.9 kg).

The HMDS employs a flat panel, active matrix LCD, coupled with a high-intensity back light, as its image source. The partially overlapped display provides a binocular image 50 degrees wide by 30 degrees high.

The digital image source provides both symbol writing and video capability. The system includes a clear, optically coated visor for night operations and a shaded visor for daylight operations. Imagery is provided via the distributed aperture system (DAS) or a helmet-mounted day/night camera. Chimera pilots can select imagery and symbology via HOTAS commands.

Tracking Systems:

AWG-20 X-band pulse-Doppler radar, providing long-range detection and tracking of targets at all altitudes, as well as extensive surface search, attack, navigation, and mapping modes, up to five hundred fifty kilometers. The RADAR can track over two-hundred independant signatures, giving the pilot unprecedented capabilities. It can also track eighty different targets and simultaeneously fire at eight. Because of the advanced computer aglorithms, the NO-23M has the capabilities to distinguish friend and foe. Enemies are outlined in red while allies are outlined in green.

Optical tracking:

Thomson LT-3 multi-frequency laser ranger/designator

Zeiss FOI-8 infra-red imaging sensor and low-light level camera system in retractable optic ball-turret in front of the $@pit canopy.

Tactical Electronic Warfare System (TEWS):

Elettronica Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)

OlDelft Infra-red Warning Receiver (IRWR)

Westinghouse ALQ-200 active radar jammer

Chaff dispenser

Flares

Active missile jammers.

Armament:

2 x General Electric GE-316 triple barrelled 16mm hypervelocity flechette cannon in the wing roots. These cannons fired 16mm hypervelocity tungsten AP flechettes at a firing rate of 4000 rounds/minute per cannon. Ammunition supply was 500 rounds per cannon.

These cannons were failures and replaced on all Dragons in 1999 by:

2 x Oerlikon KCN 25mm autocannon, firing APHE (Armor Piercing High Explosive) or HEI-T (High Explosive Incendiary - Tracer) rounds at a maximum rate of fire of 2000 rounds/minute. The ammunition supply is 275 rounds/gun.

12 conformal hardpoints for ordnance, 5 under each wing and 2 on the centerline. Typical air-superiority load is 8 medium range (65 km) Mach 3.0 combined active radar and thermal imager guided AMM-1 Stiletto missiles, four under each wing, and a large conformal fuel tanks occupying the two centerline hardpoints.

--

MF-1

Twenty Squadrons of the MF-1

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Type: Air Superiority Fighter

LENGTH: 19.3 m

WINGSPAN: 14.0 m

HEIGHT: 5.6 m

WEIGHT (DRY): 18,800 kg

Engines 2 x MTL Saturn Turbo Fan engines with thrust-vectoring nozzles providing STOL capabilities, 160 kN static thrust with 250 kN of afterburner.

MAXIMUM SPEED: 1600 kph (Mach 1.3) at sea level and 3190 Mach 3.0

Cruise Speed: 1805 kph (Mach 1.7)

Stall Speed: 120 kph

CEILING: 20,000 meters (65 kft)

MIN TAKE-OFF DISTANCE AT SEA LEVEL: 300 meters

MIN LANDING DISTANCE AT SEA LEVEL: 300 meters

DESIGNED G LIMITS: +12.0/-4.5 (Computer overrides at 10.5g)

MAX COMBAT RADIUS: 2500 km

MAX RANGE RANGE (without external stores): 6000 km

Fuel Compacity 2,300 US gal (8,806 liters)

AirFrame:

The fighter makes extensive use of carbon composites to reduce weight and reduce the passive radar cross section of the aircraft. However titanium, or titanium alloys, still makes up a large percentage of the structural material (38%) and makes up large portions of the fuselage, keel, and aft booms that hold the horizontal and vertical stabilizers. Each wing is made of carbon fiber/Bismaleimide (BMI) which is stronger than traditional thermoplastic-matrix composites.

Weapons Systems.

2 x One GSh-30-1 30mm: Two GSh-30-1 30-mm cannons are mounted in blisters on either side of the main fuselage. The cannons are mounted on a geared rotor that is driven by a 20-hp electric motor which turns the barrels while each one fires individually. The cannon is capable of firing up to 7,200 rounds per minute with a muzzle velocity of 1,030 meters per second. Each cannon is fed from an internal 800 round storage drum which feeds the cannon with a double-ended hydraulically driven linkless feed system.

13 Hardpoints: The Firebird is equipped 13 Wing Hardpoints. This allows the fighter carry virtually any missile in the Malatosian Inventory.

Internal Hardpoints: Internal Hardpoints can carry over 2,000lb of Internal Stores

Avionics

ACTIVE SENSOR JAMMER: Internal ECM providing broadband RF protection.

NO-20M: Bi-Statis Phased Array Radar, Mounted on Nose and Wing giving Fighter 360 degree Scanning Capabilities. Range: 500km.

Bi-Statis Phased Array Radar, Mounted on Nose and Wing giving Fighter 360 degree Scanning Capabilities. Range: 500km

AUTO-PILOT: The Vektor is equipped with a new Auto-Pilot system specifically developed for the said Aircraft. Before each mission, The Pilot types in the coordinates of the location and sits back and lets the Vektor handle the rest. The Vektor relys on GPS and various other systems to calculate the exact location of the mission.

OPTICS (NIGHTVISION): 150km range. A passive light image intensifier that emits no light of its own, but relies on ambient light which is electronically amplified to produce a visible picture.

--

Su-55 Ground Attack Aircraft

Ten Squadrons of the Ground Attack Fighter

su557eq.jpg

Type: Two man medium jet bomber.

Total Length: 18.3 m

Total Height: 6.4 m

Total Wingspan: 16.2 m

Total Dry Weight: 10.5 metric tons

IV. Propulsion:

2 x General Electric F-400-900 chemical turbofans, total afterburning thrust 88.3 kN.

V. Performance:

Maximum speed : 1100 kph (Mach 1) @ all altitudes.

Stall speed : 170 kph.

Range (typical) : 3700 km.

Maximum altitude : 16,765 meter.

Design-g limits : 6 g.

Radar System:

AWG-20 X-band pulse-Doppler radar, providing long-range detection and tracking of targets at all altitudes, as well as extensive surface search, attack, navigation, and mapping modes.

Optical tracking:

Thomson LT-3 multi-frequency laser ranger/designator

Zeiss FOI-8 infra-red imaging sensor and low-light level camera system in retractable optic ball-turret under the nose.

Tactical Electronic Warfare System (TEWS):

Elettronica Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)

OlDelft Infra-red Warning Receiver (IRWR)

Westinghouse ALQ-200 active radar jammer

Chaff dispenser

Flares

Active missile jammers.

VII. Armament:

6 AGM-65R Maverick missiles on triple MERs, and six AGM-84 Harpoon missiles,

or 8 MERs for a total of 40 mk81 113kg GP bombs,

or 8 triple/pentuple MERs for mk82 226kg GP bombs, mk83 454kg GP bombs, CBU-87/B cluster bombs or any other compatible bomb load

Total maximum underwing payload is 9 tons.

Bomb bay for three 454kg mk83 bombs, sensor pallet, GAU-12/U 25mm cannon with ammunition or (most commonly) an extra fuel tank.

Armor:

The skin of the Avenger is composed of an advanced titanium-steel alloy. The skin provides excellent protection against small grenade and shell fragments, good protection against small arms fire, and poor resistance to heavier infantry weapons, such as the 12.7mm machinegun round, as well as from fragments and near misses from higher caliber weapons. The armored 'bathtub' in the pilots' compartment stops all small arms fire, provides good protection against heavier infantry weapons, such as a 12.7mm machinegun round, and fair resistance to light mecha-mounted weaponry, such as 22.3mm HE autocannon round. The Avenger provides full protection from nuclear, biological, and chemical hazards, using an overpressure $@pit environment activated by radiation and hazardous chemical sensors, or manually when biological warfare conditions are anticipated. The internal consumables supplies can provide atmosphere for twelve hours maximum.

--

Xenian AWAC

ec33d9px.jpg

Stats:

Vehicle Type: Xenian

Class: Airborne Warning and Control Vehicle

Manufacturer: Santhe Aerospace under contract to the Imperial Airforce

Crew: Typically 17 (four flight crew and 13 mission crew) however additional crew may be added as necessary. Breakdown is as follows:

Two pilots

1 navigator

1 flight engineer

1 tactical director

3 fighter directors

5 surveillance operators

2 communication operators

1 radar technician

1 computer display technician

Statistical Date

LENGTH:

48.5 m

WINGSPAN:

35.00 m

HEIGHT:

9.4 m at tail

WEIGHT:

55,000 kg empty.

CARGO:

In addition to the sensor equipment, the EC-33 can hold up to 500 cu ft and 20,000 kg.

POWER PLANT:

4 x Santhe L-1 400 kW generators

ENGINE THRUST

4 x Santhe BR715-C1-50 turbofan engines mounted in pairs on either side of the tail. Each engine provides 28,000-lbf (124.5 kN) of thrust.

FUEL CAPACITY:

24,350 US gal (92,175 liters)

SPEEDS:

MAXIMUM SPEED:

913 kph (567 mph)

ON-STATION SPEED:

606 kph (377 mph)

STALL SPEED:

215 kph (134 mph)

CLIMB RATE:

1025 m/min (33363 ft/min)

CEILING:

15,241 m (50000 ft)

ON-STATION ALTITUDE:

10,668 m (35000 ft)

DESIGNED G LIMITS:

+4.0/-2.5 (Computer overrides at 2.5g)

RANGE (on station at a radius of 1,852 nm):

12 hours -- 22 hours with air refueling

STANDARD EQUIPMENT FOR THE Xenian:

ACTIVE SENSOR JAMMER WESTINGHOUSE ALQ-250(V): internal ECM providing broadband protection. Estimated system effective radiative power 60 dBW.

AUTO-PILOT: The Xenian is equipped with a computerized auto-pilot, allowing the pilot to relax or even sleep during long voyages. The auto- pilot can be programmed with a single destination or a complex flight plan involving multiple speeds, directions, and destinations.

CHAFF AND FLARE DISPENSERS AN/ALE-55: 120 chaff and 120 flares are stored in rear of the Xenian

COMBAT COMPUTER IBM-210: The combat computer tracks and identifies specific enemy targets, and has a database of over 10,000 images stored in memory. The computer can identify and track up to 250 targets simultaneously

COMMUNICATION JAMMER: Designed to detect, analyze, monitor, and/or jam voice and data link signals

INFRA-RED WARNING RECEIVER OLDELFT (IRWR): Providing rear aspect protection from IR guided missiles

HOMING SIGNAL: In case of a crash of the vehicle, the Xenian is equipped with a homing device that enables rescue teams to locate a disabled craft or ejected life pod.

LASER TARGETING SYSTEM: Range: 100 miles (160 km). Used for increased accuracy in the striking of enemy targets which is then passed to friendly units.

objects by their IR reflectiveness. The beam will be visible to anyone with IR sensitive optics, however.

OPTICS (NIGHTVISION): 50 km range. A passive light image intensifier that emits no light of its own, but relies on ambient light which is electronically amplified to produce a visible picture.

OPTICS (THERMAL IMAGER): 50 km range. A passive optical heat sensor that detects infrared radiation projected by warm objects and converts that data into a false-color visible image.

RADAR-SURVEILLANCE WESTINGHOUSE AN/APY-4 (Block-20): Multi-mode S-band pulse Doppler radar. The radar can operate in both low-PRF pulsed modes to detect long-range targets beyond the horizon or high-PRF modes to detect all-altitude targets out to the radar line of sight. Mounted on top of the aircraft which rotates at 6 rpm when in use, the AN/APY-4 is a liquid-cooled phased array radar with an estimated effective radiative power 115 dBW. Nominal detection of 0 dBsm targets out to 800 km. The system has the capability to operate as a radar jammer providing broadband protection using the full radiative power of the system.

RADAR-SYNTHETIC APERTURE AM/AP-110 RADAR: Detection range against 0 dBsm (small vehicle) out to 220 km. System consists of two electronically-scanned conformal antenna on the top of the main body in front of the AN/APY-3/4 AP-110 has 30 separate modes including the capability of operating as a moving target indicator (MTI) or as a synthetic aperture radar which allows the system to paint a picture of ground based targets to aid in targeting and thus enhancing weapon accuracy.

RADAR-TARGET WESTINGHOUSE AN/APG-95: X-band pulse Doppler radar used for target ID and target quality tracks which could be passed to friendly units. Detection range against 0 dBsm target 200 km. System consists of a single electronically-scanned antenna mounted in the nose.

RADAR WARNING RECEIVER AN/ALR-80 (RWR): Providing all aspect broadband protection from RF guided missiles.

RADIO/VIDEO COMMUNICATION: Long range, directional communications system with satellite relay capabilities. Range: 600 miles (960 km) or can be boosted indefinitely via satellite relay.

TACTICAL LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM: The EC-33B fuselage is pressurized and provides full nuclear and chemical protection.

Edited by Malatose
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