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Guide to the Republic of Iceland

Chicago Noise

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National Flag
Coat of Arms
Map of Iceland
Anthem:  Löfsongur
Capital (and Largest City):  Reykjavik
National Language:  Icelandic
Recognized Regional Languages:  Faroese
Demonym:  Icelander
Government:  Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
  • Prime Minister:  Valgeir Thorgursson
  • Speaker of Parliament:  Johanna Jonsdottir

Legislature:  Althing


Formation:  June 24th


Area:  103,001 km2

     -Water Area:  2.7%


Population:  325,671


GDP:  $12.831 billion

     -Per Capita:  $39,223


Currency:  Icelandic Króna

Time Zone:  Greenwich Mean Time (+0)

Patron Saint:  Saint Thorlak Thorhallsson (Þorlákur Þórhallsson)

Internet TLD:  .is

Edited by Chicago Noise
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Topographic Map of Iceland



General:  Iceland is locted where the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans meet, in the Northwestern Norwegian Sea.  Iceland is the world's 18th largest island and Europe's 2nd.  Iceland has 4970 km's of coastline, most of which is cut with fjords.  Most settlements are on the coast as the center of the island of Iceland is unihabitable mountains, sands, and lava fields.  These areas are known as the Iceland Highlands.


Geology:  Iceland lies on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and a hotspot, making the island extremely geologically active.  Geothermal energy is common, along with potential for hydroelectric power, making Iceland a great candidate for expanding geothermal and hydroelectric energy projects.  The island is home to many geysers and volcanoes.


Climate:  Ice incursions on the coasts are rare, as the North Atlantic Current keeps Iceland generally warmer than areas at the same latitude.

  • Climate Type:  Subpolar Arctic
  • Highest Recorded Temperature:  30.5 °C (86.9 °F)
  • Lowest Recorded Temperature:  −38 °C (−36.4 °F)
Edited by Chicago Noise
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